In April 1972, "Postal History International" published an article of mine concerning anti-vaccination caricature envelopes, which has led to some correspondence with readers and the discovery of several related items. It seems appropriate, therefore, to summarise the information in these pages, in the hope that this may bring forth knowledgeable comment from others. Details of any foreign propaganda of this sort would be particularly welcome.
Revue D'élevage Et De Médecine Vétérinaire Des Pays Tropicaux
The VD47 viral strain, isolated from camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Niger possesses camelpoxvirus morphology and characteristic properties: heat sensitive, ether resistant, chloroform and IDU sensitive, with ceiling-temperature 38.5 degrees C. It induces formation of syncytial and retracted cell foci with hemadsorption test positive. No pathogen for mice and very mildly for rabbits, this virus is neutralizable by anti-vaccine serum. The question of camelpoxvirus and camelparapoxvirus pathogenicity for human is discussed by the authors.
Experimental and spontaneous autoimmune disease in animals can effectively be prevented and treated by application of pathogenic autoreactive T cells in an attenuated form. This approach has become known as T cell vaccination. T cell vaccination exploits specifically the ability of the immune system to regulate its autoreactive T cells by mechanisms of network control. The success of T cell vaccination in a variety of rodent animal models has raised hopes for its use as an effective and specific therapy in human autoimmune disease.
We evaluated legislation introduced into Victoria in 1991 requiring that all children enrolling in primary school certify their immunisation status. Information was requested from all local councils. All primary schools in two local government areas were followed up, providing an indication of the validity of the analysis obtained from data collected during the mid-year census. From 166 of 210 local councils in Victoria, 48,422 documents relating to school entry immunisation certificates were issued for children entering their preparatory year.
Boletín De La Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. Pan American Sanitary Bureau
This study evaluated the humoral response to protein components of the Cuban-produced vaccine against serogroups B and C meningococcus, VA-MENGOC-BC, in adults and children 1 to 5 years old. The trial was conducted in an area of the Department of Antioquia, Colombia, in which an elevated incidence of meningococcal disease had been recorded. The serum anti-vaccine-protein response was studied before (T0) and after (T1) vaccination by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and lytic capacity was evaluated through the bactericidal antibodies test (BAT).
From the perspective of historiography, the article analyzes the construction of scientific medicine's major landmark: the small-pox vaccine. When this vaccine was created and widely distributed, the medical field demonstrated how technology controls life on a planetary scale. The great victory of scientific medicine rests on the fact that today the life of the small-pox virus depends upon laboratory conditions. Born in England during the 1870's, the anti-vaccine movement questioned universal, mandatory small-pox vaccination.
1. This study examined the effect of increasing amounts of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on the fatty acid composition in serum and antibody production following a standard vaccination programme in growing turkeys. Turkey poults were fed on 5 diets containing 75g/kg added fat made up of different proportions of palm and soyabean oils, and were vaccinated against Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis and necrotic enteritis according to a standard vaccination programme. Blood samples were taken before and one week after each vaccination. 2.
Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
In summary, I have addressed 5 key issues concerning vaccines today. First is the essentially empiric nature of vaccinology. Vaccinology is not a rational science. Each idea must be tested by experiment. This need for trial and error experimentation is a substantial barrier to new vaccines. The proven track record of existing vaccines to eradicate disease, to reduce occurrence of disease, reduce human suffering and contain health care spending--when coupled with the potential for new discoveries against significant disease targets--is unparalleled by other therapeutic areas.
To assess the impact of anti-vaccine movements that targeted pertussis whole-cell vaccines, we compared pertussis incidence in countries where high coverage with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccines (DTP) was maintained (Hungary, the former East Germany, Poland, and the USA) with countries where immunisation was disrupted by anti-vaccine movements (Sweden, Japan, UK, The Russian Federation, Ireland, Italy, the former West Germany, and Australia).
To explore the hypothesis that gammadelta T cells may regulate activated alphabeta T cells, we studied gammadelta T cell responses to alphabeta T cell clones in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients who received attenuated autologous autoreactive T cells. We recently conducted a pilot study of T cell vaccination with myelin basic protein reactive T cells in MS. Since T cell vaccination upregulates the anti-vaccine T cell responses, we evaluated gammadelta T cell reactivity towards the vaccine in the vaccinated patients.