Medical

Meditation, a mind-body method, employs a variety of techniques designed to facilitate the mind's capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms. An increasing number of patients are using meditation programs despite uncertainty about the evidence supporting the health benefits of meditation.

Author(s): 
Goyal, Madhav
Singh, Sonal
Sibinga, Erica MS
Gould, Neda F.
Rowland-Seymour, Anastasia
Sharma, Ritu
Berger, Zackary
Sleicher, Dana
Maron, David D.
Shihab, Hasan M.
Ranasinghe, Padmini D.
Linn, Shauna
Saha, Shonali
Bass, Eric B.
Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease influenced by environmental factors. OBJECTIVES: The feasibility of a multimodal intervention and its effect on perceived fatigue in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis were assessed. DESIGN/SETTING: This was a single-arm, open-label intervention study in an outpatient setting. INTERVENTIONS: A multimodal intervention including a modified paleolithic diet with supplements, stretching, strengthening exercises with electrical stimulation of trunk and lower limb muscles, meditation, and massage was used.

Author(s): 
Bisht, Babita
Darling, Warren G.
Grossmann, Ruth E.
Shivapour, E. Torage
Lutgendorf, Susan K.
Snetselaar, Linda G.
Hall, Michael J.
Zimmerman, M. Bridget
Wahls, Terry L.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

OBJECTIVES: Family dementia caregivers are at high risk of depression and burnout. We assessed the feasibility of Central Meditation and Imagery Therapy for Caregivers (CMIT-C), a novel 8-week group meditation and guided imagery group therapy program, for dementia caregivers reporting stress because of caregiving responsibilities. METHODS: Twelve family dementia caregivers enrolled in CMIT-C. Primary outcomes included depression and anxiety, and secondary outcomes included insomnia, quality of life, and mindfulness.

Author(s): 
Jain, Felipe A.
Nazarian, Nora
Lavretsky, Helen
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

Effect of different meditation practices on various aspects of mental and physical health is receiving growing attention. The present paper reviews evidence on the effects of several mediation practices on cognitive functions in the context of aging and neurodegenerative diseases. The effect of meditation in this area is still poorly explored.

Author(s): 
Marciniak, Rafał
Sheardova, Katerina
Cermáková, Pavla
Hudeček, Daniel
Sumec, Rastislav
Hort, Jakub
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: A growing body of research shows that mindfulness meditation can alter neural, behavioral and biochemical processes. However, the mechanisms responsible for such clinically relevant effects remain elusive. METHODS: Here we explored the impact of a day of intensive practice of mindfulness meditation in experienced subjects (n=19) on the expression of circadian, chromatin modulatory and inflammatory genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).

Author(s): 
Kaliman, Perla
Alvarez-López, María Jesús
Cosín-Tomás, Marta
Rosenkranz, Melissa A.
Lutz, Antoine
Davidson, Richard J.
Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM

This paper reports the results of our investigation of the effects of Chan meditation on brain electrophysiological behaviors from the viewpoint of spatially nonlinear interdependence among regional neural networks. Particular emphasis is laid on the alpha-dominated EEG (electroencephalograph). Continuous-time wavelet transform was adopted to detect the epochs containing substantial alpha activities.

Author(s): 
Lo, Pei-Chen
Chang, Chih-Hao
Publication Title: 
Psychological Assessment

The five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) and the self-compassion scale (SCS; Neff, 2003) are widely used measures of mindfulness and self-compassion in mindfulness-based intervention research. The psychometric properties of the FFMQ and the SCS need to be independently replicated in community samples and relevant clinical samples to support their use.

Author(s): 
Williams, Matthew J.
Dalgleish, Tim
Karl, Anke
Kuyken, Willem
Publication Title: 
Behavior Therapy

Mindfulness-based interventions have proven effective for the transdiagnostic treatment of heterogeneous anxiety disorders. So far, no study has investigated the potential of mindfulness-based treatments when delivered remotely via the Internet. The current trial aims at evaluating the efficacy of a stand-alone, unguided, Internet-based mindfulness treatment program for anxiety.

Author(s): 
Boettcher, Johanna
Aström, Viktor
Påhlsson, Daniel
Schenström, Ola
Andersson, Gerhard
Carlbring, Per
Publication Title: 
Sleep

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with significant alterations in neuronal integrity resulting from either hypoxemia and/or sleep loss. A large body of imaging research supports reductions in gray matter volume, alterations in white matter integrity and resting state activity, and functional abnormalities in response to cognitive challenge in various brain regions in patients with OSA.

Author(s): 
Jones, Stephanie G.
Riedner, Brady A.
Smith, Richard F.
Ferrarelli, Fabio
Tononi, Giulio
Davidson, Richard J.
Benca, Ruth M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

Psychotic reactions in the context of meditation and esoteric practices have been described in the psychiatric literature. In most cases, these psychotic conditions are transient and do not lead to functional impairment.

Author(s): 
Sadzio, Julia
Vieker, Henning
Gruber, Oliver
Zilles, David

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