Women's Studies

Publication Title: 
Dreaming

Three different samples of dream reports from Japanese women were analyzed to determine their male/female percentage. A study in the early 1980s found far fewer males in the dreams of Japanese women than is the case for women in other societies. The previous finding was not replicated, and both studies are discussed in terms of the role of women in Japanese society then and now.

Author(s): 
William, G.
Nishikawa, Natsuko
Brubaker, Lowell
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Work preferences, life values, and personal views of top math/science graduate students (275 men, 255 women) were assessed at ages 25 and 35 years. In Study 1, analyses of work preferences revealed developmental changes and gender differences in priorities: Some gender differences increased over time and increased more among parents than among childless participants, seemingly because the mothers’ priorities changed.

Author(s): 
Ferriman, Kimberley
Lubinski, David
Benbow, Camilla P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Diversity in Higher Education

The number of women earning advanced degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has increased, yet women remain underrepresented at all ranks of the academic hierarchy in these fields. To help explain this pattern, we explored mechanisms in the recruitment and hiring process at the level of the department that hinder or promote the hiring of women into tenure-track positions.

Author(s): 
Glass, Christy
Minnotte, Krista Lynn
Publication Title: 
Journal of Diversity in Higher Education

In the United States, women tend to publish less than men do and to be overrepresented at the lower ranks of academia. This study examined the scientific productivity and career status of female and male psychology faculty in Italian universities. Psychology was selected as a discipline because for decades, it has had a female majority among its doctorates. Italy was the case study country because it has one of the highest representations of women among university faculty.

Author(s): 
D'Amico, Rita
Vermigli, Patrizia
Canetto, Silvia Sara
Publication Title: 
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

For mental rotation, introspection, theories, and interpretations of experimental results imply a certain type of mental representation, namely, visual mental images. Characteristics of the rotated representation can be examined by measuring the influence of stimulus characteristics on rotational speed. If the amount of a given type of information influences rotational speed, one can infer that it was contained in the rotated representation.

Author(s): 
Liesefeld, Heinrich R.
Zimmer, Hubert D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology

Comments on the original article by Sokol-Chang, Fisher, and their colleagues (see record 2014-01529-001). In this article, the author reveals how she sees the future of the Feminist Evolutionary Psychology Society as profitably reflecting, accelerating, and analyzing the transformation away from patriarchal modes of representation to more feminist, or call it bi-focal, ones. She discusses the forward thinking of Jane Austen who now graces the UK’s 10 pound note, having replaced Darwin himself.

Author(s): 
Pridmore-Brown, Michele
Publication Title: 
Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology

This letter explores women’s representation within evolutionary-focused academic publications to support the need for such “radical” approaches as feminist evolutionary psychology. Data regarding authorship of journal and conference papers within evolutionary psychology show evidence of a strong male bias in the number of male authors and an even stronger bias with respect to the number of first authors.

Author(s): 
Meredith, Tami
Publication Title: 
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition

Visual search for complex natural targets requires focal attention, either cued by predictive stimulus associations or primed by a representation of the most recently detected target. Because both processes can focus visual attention, cuing and priming were compared in an operant search task to evaluate their relative impacts on performance and to determine the nature of their interaction in combined treatments. Blue jays were trained to search for pairs of alternative targets among distractors.

Author(s): 
Goto, Kazuhiro
Bond, Alan B.
Burks, Marianna
Kamil, Alan C.
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology

Objective: There is a large body of literature documenting the relationship between traumatic stress and deleterious physical health outcomes. Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been proposed to explain this relationship, previous research has produced inconsistent results when moderating variables such as gender or type of traumatic stressor are considered.

Author(s): 
Nillni, Yael I.
Gradus, Jaimie L.
Gutner, Cassidy A.
Luciano, Matthew T.
Shipherd, Jillian C.
Street, Amy E.
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology

Objective: This study examines patients’ pictorial representations of their chronic pain, alongside their accounts of those images, in order to help our understanding of their lived experience of the condition. Method: The sample comprises 7 women in middle adulthood from southern England. They began by drawing what their pain felt like and were then interviewed about their portrayals. The interviews were analyzed with interpretative phenomenological analysis. Results: The participants produce strong, vivid, abstract pictures.

Author(s): 
Kirkham, Jamie A.
Smith, Jonathan A.
Havsteen-Franklin, Dominik

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