Adolescent suicidality in urban minorities and its relationship to conduct disorders, depression, and separation anxiety
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: This research investigates personality variables--aggression and disorders of conduct, depression, and separation anxiety--mediating suicidal behavior in psychiatrically hospitalized urban minority adolescents. METHOD: Four matched groups of 26 subjects (N = 104) participated: suicidal adolescents with, and suicidal adolescents without, a conduct disorder diagnosis, nonsuicidal adolescents with a conduct disorder diagnosis, and a nonpsychiatric control group. Subjects were assessed with three dimensions from the Epigenetic Assessment Rating System (EARS), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and the Separation Anxiety Test (SAT). RESULTS: A conduct disorder diagnosis was related to lower modal EARS scores. The EARS and the CDI each identified a different subset of suicidal adolescents. Adolescents with lower modal EARS scores exhibited greater reactivity to separation experiences on the SAT. CONCLUSION: Relying on depressive symptomatology to identify suicidality overlooks a majority of at-risk adolescents. Structural personality variables as measured by the EARS identify and distinguish subsets of suicidal adolescents.

Author(s): 
Feldman, M.
Wilson, A.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Publication Date: 
1997-01
Publication Year: 
1997
Pages: 
75-84
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
ISSN: 
0890-8567
DOI: 
10.1097/00004583-199701000-00020
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 9000784

Turabian/Chicago Citation

M. Feldman and A. Wilson. 1997-01. "Adolescent suicidality in urban minorities and its relationship to conduct disorders, depression, and separation anxiety." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36: 1: 75-84. 10.1097/00004583-199701000-00020.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1097/00004583-199701000-00020 | issn = 0890-8567 | volume = 36 | pages = 75-84 | last = Feldman | first = M. | coauthors = Wilson, A. | title = Adolescent suicidality in urban minorities and its relationship to conduct disorders, depression, and separation anxiety | journal = Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry | date = 1997-01 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>