The age-dependent effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in humans and rodents: A review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
The age-dependent effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in humans and rodents
Abstract: 

The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) ProzacÆ (fluoxetine) is widely prescribed for the treatment of depression and anxiety-related disorders. While extensive research has established that fluoxetine is safe for adults, safety is not guaranteed for (unborn) children and adolescents. Some clinical studies have reported adverse outcomes, such as premature birth, neonatal cardiovascular abnormalities, and pulmonary hypertension in children whose mothers used SSRIs during pregnancy. In addition, several reports show that adolescent fluoxetine treatment increases risk for suicidal behavior. Despite these studies, fluoxetine is not contraindicated in the treatment of depressed pregnant women and adolescents. Longitudinal research in humans is limited because of ethical reasons and time constraints, and to overcome these limitations, rodents are used to increase insight in the age-dependent effects of fluoxetine exposure. It has been established that neonatal and adolescent fluoxetine exposure leads to paradoxical anxiety- and depression-like features in later life of rats and mice, although in some studies adolescent fluoxetine exposure was without effects. These age-dependent outcomes of fluoxetine may be explained by serotonin's neurotrophic effects, which may vary according to the developmental stage of the brain due to epigenetic modifications. Here we review the existing evidence for the age-dependent effects of fluoxetine in humans and rodents, address the gaps in our current knowledge and propose directions for future research. Given the overlap between human and rodent findings, rodents provide heuristic value in further research on the age-dependent effects of SSRIs.

Author(s): 
Olivier, J. D. A.
Blom, T.
Arentsen, T.
Homberg, J. R.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Journal Abbreviation: 
Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry
Publication Date: 
8/1/2011
Publication Year: 
2011
Pages: 
1400-1408
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1878-4216
DOI: 
10.1016/j.pnpbp.2010.09.013
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 20883714

Turabian/Chicago Citation

J. D. A. Olivier, T. Blom, T. Arentsen and J. R. Homberg. 8/1/2011. "The age-dependent effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in humans and rodents: A review." Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 35: 6: 1400-1408. 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2010.09.013.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2010.09.013 | issn = 1878-4216 | volume = 35 | pages = 1400-1408 | last = Olivier | first = J. D. A. | coauthors = Blom, T., Arentsen, T., Homberg, J. R. | title = The age-dependent effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in humans and rodents: A review | journal = Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry | date = 8/1/2011 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>