Are life patents ethical? Conflict between Catholic social teaching and agricultural biotechnology's patent regime
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Are life patents ethical?
Abstract: 

Patents for genetic material in the industrialized North have expanded significantly over the past twenty years, playing a crucial role in the current configuration of the agricultural biotechnology industries, and raising significant ethical issues. Patents have been claimed for genes, gene sequences, engineered crop species, and the technical processes to engineer them. Most critics have addressed the human and ecosystem health implications of genetically engineered crops, but these broad patents raise economic issues as well. The Catholic social teaching tradition offers guidelines for critiquing the economic implications of this new patent regime. The Catholic principle of the universal destination of goods implies that genes, gene sequences, and engineered crop varieties are ineligible for patent protection, although the processes to engineer these should be eligible. Religious leaders are likely to make a more substantive contribution to debates about agricultural biotechnology by addressing these life patents than by speculating that genetic engineering is "playing God."

Author(s): 
Warner, K. D.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Agric Environ Ethics
Publication Date: 
2001-09
Publication Year: 
2001
Pages: 
301-319
Volume: 
14
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
1187-7863
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 14682351

Turabian/Chicago Citation

K. D. Warner. 2001-09. "Are life patents ethical? Conflict between Catholic social teaching and agricultural biotechnology's patent regime." Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics 14: 3: 301-319.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 1187-7863 | volume = 14 | pages = 301-319 | last = Warner | first = K. D. | coauthors = | title = Are life patents ethical? Conflict between Catholic social teaching and agricultural biotechnology's patent regime | journal = Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics | date = 2001-09 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>