Argentine tango dance compared to mindfulness meditation and a waiting-list control: a randomised trial for treating depression
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Argentine tango dance compared to mindfulness meditation and a waiting-list control
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether tango dancing is as effective as mindfulness meditation in reducing symptoms of psychological stress, anxiety and depression, and in promoting well-being. DESIGN: This study employed analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and multiple regression analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-seven people with self-declared depression were randomised into tango dance or mindfulness meditation classes, or to control/waiting-list. SETTING: classes were conducted in a venue suitable for both activities in the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia. INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed six-week programmes (1½h/week of tango or meditation). The outcome measures were assessed at pre-test and post-test. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; The Self Esteem Scale; Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. RESULTS: Sixty-six participants completed the program and were included in the statistical analysis. Depression levels were significantly reduced in the tango (effect size d=0.50, p=.010), and meditation groups (effect size d=0.54, p=.025), relative to waiting-list controls. Stress levels were significantly reduced only in the tango group (effect size d=0.45, p=.022). Attending tango classes was a significant predictor for the increased levels of mindfulness R(2)=.10, adjusted R(2)=.07, F (2,59)=3.42, p=.039. CONCLUSION: Mindfulness-meditation and tango dance could be effective complementary adjuncts for the treatment of depression and/or inclusion in stress management programmes. Subsequent trials are called to explore the therapeutic mechanisms involved.

Author(s): 
Pinniger, Rosa
Brown, Rhonda F.
Thorsteinsson, Einar B.
McKinley, Patricia
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
Complement Ther Med
Publication Date: 
Dec 2012
Publication Year: 
2012
Pages: 
377-384
Volume: 
20
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1873-6963
DOI: 
10.1016/j.ctim.2012.07.003
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 23131367

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Rosa Pinniger, Rhonda F. Brown, Einar B. Thorsteinsson and Patricia McKinley. Dec 2012. "Argentine tango dance compared to mindfulness meditation and a waiting-list control: a randomised trial for treating depression." Complementary Therapies in Medicine 20: 6: 377-384. 10.1016/j.ctim.2012.07.003.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ctim.2012.07.003 | issn = 1873-6963 | volume = 20 | pages = 377-384 | last = Pinniger | first = Rosa | coauthors = Brown, Rhonda F., Thorsteinsson, Einar B., McKinley, Patricia | title = Argentine tango dance compared to mindfulness meditation and a waiting-list control: a randomised trial for treating depression | journal = Complementary Therapies in Medicine | date = Dec 2012 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>