Artesunate inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human osteosarcoma HOS cell line in vitro and in vivo
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

This paper aims to investigate the effects of artesunate (ART) on growth and apoptosis in human osteosarcoma HOS cell line in vitro and in vivo and to explore the possible underlying mechanisms. Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The induction of apoptosis was detected by light and transmission electron microscopy and flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to investigate the related mechanisms. Nude mice were further employed to investigate the antitumour activity of ART in vivo. MTT assay results demonstrated that ART selectively inhibits the growth of HOS cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Based on the findings of light and transmission electron microscopy, Hoechst 33258 staining, and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-annexin V staining, the cytotoxicity of ART in HOS cells occurs through apoptosis. With ART treatment, cytosolic cytochrome c was increased, Bax expression was gradually upregulated, Bcl-2 expression was downregulated, and caspase-9 and caspase-3 were activated. Thus, the intrinsic apoptotic pathway may be involved in ART-induced apoptosis. Cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry indicated that ART may induce cell cycle arrest at G(2)/M phase. In nude mice bearing HOS xenograft tumours, ART inhibited tumour growth and regulated the expressions of cleaved caspase-3 and survivin, in agreement with in vitro observations. ART has a selective antitumour activity against human osteosarcoma HOS cells, which may be related to its effects on induction of apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway. The results suggest that ART is a promising candidate for the treatment of osteosarcoma.

Author(s): 
Xu, Qiang
Li, Zhao-Xu
Peng, Hui-Qin
Sun, Zheng-Wang
Cheng, Rui-Lin
Ye, Zhao-Ming
Li, Wei-Xu
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
Publication Date: 
4/11/2015
Publication Year: 
2011
Pages: 
247-255
Volume: 
12
Issue: 
4
ISSN: 
1862-1783
DOI: 
10.1631/jzus.B1000373
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 21462379 PMCID: PMC3072588

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Qiang Xu, Zhao-Xu Li, Hui-Qin Peng, Zheng-Wang Sun, Rui-Lin Cheng, Zhao-Ming Ye and Wei-Xu Li. 4/11/2015. "Artesunate inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human osteosarcoma HOS cell line in vitro and in vivo." Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B 12: 4: 247-255. 10.1631/jzus.B1000373.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1631/jzus.B1000373 | issn = 1862-1783 | volume = 12 | pages = 247-255 | last = Xu | first = Qiang | coauthors = Li, Zhao-Xu, Peng, Hui-Qin, Sun, Zheng-Wang, Cheng, Rui-Lin, Ye, Zhao-Ming, Li, Wei-Xu | title = Artesunate inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human osteosarcoma HOS cell line in vitro and in vivo | journal = Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B | date = 4/11/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>