Autism and Mind-Body Therapies: A Systematic Review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Autism and Mind-Body Therapies
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: Mind-body therapies are often used by people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, there has been little examination into which types of mind-body therapies have been investigated for people with ASD and for what purposes. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the existing evidence for mind-body therapies for people with ASD, particularly to determine the types of mind-body therapies used and the outcomes that are targeted. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, and Scopus were searched using terms for ASD and mind-body therapies. Sixteen studies were selected for review; these studies tested interventions using mindfulness, meditation, yoga, Nei Yang Gong, and acceptance commitment therapy. Most study outcomes targeted behavior, psychological symptoms, and quality of life for children and adults with ASD as well as their parents. RESULTS: There was little overlap between studies on the types of mind-body therapies used and associated outcomes, and only three of the studies were randomized controlled trials. Most studies were small and uncontrolled. Some studies modified the mind-body therapies to increase accessibility for people with ASD. CONCLUSION: The evidence for mind-body therapies for people with ASD is limited and would benefit from larger randomized controlled trials.

Author(s): 
Hourston, Sarah
Atchley, Rachel
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Altern Complement Med
Publication Date: 
2017-05
Publication Year: 
2017
Pages: 
331-339
Volume: 
23
Issue: 
5
ISSN: 
1557-7708
DOI: 
10.1089/acm.2016.0336
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 28437148 PMCID: PMC5446600

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Sarah Hourston and Rachel Atchley. 2017-05. "Autism and Mind-Body Therapies: A Systematic Review." Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.) 23: 5: 331-339. 10.1089/acm.2016.0336.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1089/acm.2016.0336 | issn = 1557-7708 | volume = 23 | pages = 331-339 | last = Hourston | first = Sarah | coauthors = Atchley, Rachel | title = Autism and Mind-Body Therapies: A Systematic Review | journal = Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.) | date = 2017-05 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>