Clinical Inquiries: Does exercise alleviate symptoms of depression?
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Clinical Inquiries
Abstract: 

Yes. Exercise reduces patient-perceived symptoms of depression when used as monotherapy (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials [RCTs] with significant heterogeneity). It relieves symptoms as effectively as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or pharmacologic anti-depressant therapy (SOR: B, meta-analysis) and more effectively than bright light therapy (SOR: B, meta-analysis). Resistance exercise and mixed exercise (resistance and aerobic) work better than aerobic exercise alone (SOR: B, meta-analysis). High-frequency exercise is more effective than low-frequency exercise (SOR: B, small RCT). "Mindful" exercise, which has a meditative focus, such as tai chi and yoga, also reduces symptoms of depression (SOR: B, systematic review of RCTs).

Author(s): 
Gill, Alan
Womack, Rosalind
Safranek, Sarah
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Family Practice
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Fam Pract
Publication Date: 
2010-09
Publication Year: 
2010
Pages: 
530-531
Volume: 
59
Issue: 
9
ISSN: 
1533-7294
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 20824231

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Alan Gill, Rosalind Womack and Sarah Safranek. 2010-09. "Clinical Inquiries: Does exercise alleviate symptoms of depression?." The Journal of Family Practice 59: 9: 530-531.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 1533-7294 | volume = 59 | pages = 530-531 | last = Gill | first = Alan | coauthors = Womack, Rosalind, Safranek, Sarah | title = Clinical Inquiries: Does exercise alleviate symptoms of depression? | journal = The Journal of Family Practice | date = 2010-09 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>