The comparative effects of methohexital, propofol, and etomidate for electroconvulsive therapy
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

The intravenous anesthetics which are commonly used for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) possess dose-dependent anticonvulsant properties. Since the clinical efficacy of ECT depends on the induction of a seizure of adequate duration, it is important to determine the optimal dose of the hypnotic for use during ECT. We compared the duration of seizure activity and cognitive recovery profiles after different doses of methohexital, propofol, and etomidate administered to induce hypnosis prior to ECT. Ten outpatients with major depressive disorders receiving maintenance ECT participated in this prospective, randomized, cross-over study. Patients were premedicated with glycopyrrolate, 0.2 mg intravenously (i.v.), and labetalol, 20-30 mg i.v., and hypnosis was induced with an i.v. bolus injection of methohexital or propofol (0.75, 1.0, and 1.5 mg/kg), or etomidate (0.15, 0.2, and 0.3 mg/kg), administered over 10-15 s. Adequate muscle paralysis was achieved with succinylcholine, 1.0-1.4 mg/kg i.v. Each patient's seizure threshold was determined prior to enrollment in the study and the electrical stimulus variables were kept constant throughout the study period. After delivery of a bilateral electrical stimulus, the duration of the resulting electroencephalographic (EEG) and motor seizures were recorded. A total of 90 ECT treatments were evaluated. The durations of EEG and motor seizures were longest after etomidate and shortest after propofol. There were no significant dose-related differences in motor and EEG seizure durations (means +/- SD) after the low, intermediate, and high doses of etomidate of 44 +/- 11 and 77 +/- 19, 43 +/- 10 and 76 +/- 34, 42 +/- 16 and 78 +/- 56 s, respectively. Conversely, both methohexital and propofol, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.5 mg/kg, produced dose-dependent decreases in motor and EEG seizure durations (i.e., 37 +/- 10 and 58 +/- 12, 36 +/- 8 and 62 +/- 24, and 29 +/- 13 and 48 +/- 20 for methohexital; 34 +/- 15 and 56 +/- 29, 31 +/- 8 and 50 +/- 17, and 20 +/- 6 and 33 +/- 12 for propofol, respectively). The awakening times were similar, regardless of the hypnotic or dose administered.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author(s): 
Avramov, M. N.
Husain, M. M.
White, P. F.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia
Journal Abbreviation: 
Anesth. Analg.
Publication Date: 
Sep-95
Publication Year: 
1995
Pages: 
596-602
Volume: 
81
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
0003-2999
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 7653829

Turabian/Chicago Citation

M. N. Avramov, M. M. Husain and P. F. White. Sep-95. "The comparative effects of methohexital, propofol, and etomidate for electroconvulsive therapy." Anesthesia and Analgesia 81: 3: 596-602.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 0003-2999 | volume = 81 | pages = 596-602 | last = Avramov | first = M. N. | coauthors = Husain, M. M., White, P. F. | title = The comparative effects of methohexital, propofol, and etomidate for electroconvulsive therapy | journal = Anesthesia and Analgesia | date = Sep-95 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>