Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatment Options for Otitis Media: A Systematic Review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatment Options for Otitis Media
Abstract: 

Otitis media (OM) has numerous presentations in children. Together with conventional medical therapies aimed to prevent and/or treat OM, a rising number of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment options can be offered. Since OM is common in children, parents may ask healthcare professionals about possible CAM therapies. Many physicians feel that their knowledge is limited regarding these therapies, and that they desire some information. Therefore, we conducted a literature review of CAM therapies for OM, taking into account that many of these treatments, their validity and efficacy and have not been scientifically demonstrated.We performed a search in MEDLINE (accessed via PubMed) using the following terms: "CAM" in conjunction with "OM" and "children. Retrieved publications regarding treatment of OM in children which included these terms included randomized controlled trials, prospective/retrospective studies, and case studies.The following CAM options for OM treatment in children were considered: acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal medicine/phytotherapy, osteopathy, chiropractic, xylitol, ear candling, vitamin D supplement, and systemic and topical probiotics. We reviewed each treatment and described the level of scientific evidence of the relevant publications.The therapeutic approaches commonly associated with CAM are usually conservative, and do not include drugs or surgery. Currently, CAM is not considered by physicians a potential treatment of OM, as there is limited supporting evidence. Further studies are warranted in order to evaluate the potential value of CAM therapies for OM.

Author(s): 
Marom, Tal
Marchisio, Paola
Tamir, Sharon Ovnat
Torretta, Sara
Gavriel, Haim
Esposito, Susanna
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
Medicine (Baltimore)
Publication Date: 
2016-02
Publication Year: 
2016
Pages: 
e2695
Volume: 
95
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1536-5964
DOI: 
10.1097/MD.0000000000002695
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 26871802 PMCID: PMC4753897

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Tal Marom, Paola Marchisio, Sharon Ovnat Tamir, Sara Torretta, Haim Gavriel and Susanna Esposito. 2016-02. "Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatment Options for Otitis Media: A Systematic Review." Medicine 95: 6: e2695. 10.1097/MD.0000000000002695.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1097/MD.0000000000002695 | issn = 1536-5964 | volume = 95 | pages = e2695 | last = Marom | first = Tal | coauthors = Marchisio, Paola, Tamir, Sharon Ovnat, Torretta, Sara, Gavriel, Haim, Esposito, Susanna | title = Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatment Options for Otitis Media: A Systematic Review | journal = Medicine | date = 2016-02 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>