Complementary and alternative therapies for restless legs syndrome: An evidence-based systematic review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Complementary and alternative therapies for restless legs syndrome
Abstract: 

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is defined as an irresistible urge to move the legs, which is usually accompanied by paresthesias or dysesthesias at least twice weekly, and affects 2%-4% of adults in Europe and North America. This systematic review assesses the current complementary and alternative options for RLS and the potential benefits of those treatments on sleep quality, mood disorder, and quality of life. A systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was conducted. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criterion, which included the use of the international RLS study group criteria. Complementary and alternative therapies have been found to be effective in both primary and secondary RLS. The severity of primary RLS symptoms can be significantly ameliorated by exercise training, transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation, pneumatic compression devices, light therapy, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and acupuncture. Pneumatic compression devices and yoga also improve RLS-related disorders. Exercise training is highly efficacious in the reduction of symptom severity in uremic RLS and related effects such as poor quality of life. Endovenous laser ablation may be a good choice for patients with concurrent RLS and superficial venous insufficiency.

Author(s): 
Xu, Xiao-Min
Liu, Yang
Jia, Shi-Yu
Dong, Mei-Xue
Cao, Du
Wei, You-Dong
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Sleep Medicine Reviews
Journal Abbreviation: 
Sleep Med Rev
Publication Date: 
6/19/2017
Publication Year: 
2017
ISSN: 
1532-2955
DOI: 
10.1016/j.smrv.2017.06.003
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 28886918

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Xiao-Min Xu, Yang Liu, Shi-Yu Jia, Mei-Xue Dong, Du Cao and You-Dong Wei. 6/19/2017. "Complementary and alternative therapies for restless legs syndrome: An evidence-based systematic review." Sleep Medicine Reviews 10.1016/j.smrv.2017.06.003.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.smrv.2017.06.003 | issn = 1532-2955 | volume = | pages = | last = Xu | first = Xiao-Min | coauthors = Liu, Yang, Jia, Shi-Yu, Dong, Mei-Xue, Cao, Du, Wei, You-Dong | title = Complementary and alternative therapies for restless legs syndrome: An evidence-based systematic review | journal = Sleep Medicine Reviews | date = 6/19/2017 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>