Complementary therapies for osteoarthritis: are they effective?
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Complementary therapies for osteoarthritis
Abstract: 

Increasing interest has focused on complementary management modalities, including tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy, as treatments for osteoarthritis (OA). This review article synthesizes evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) that examined one or more of the above as treatments for OA. Medline, Pubmed, and Cinahl databases were searched to identify English-language articles using an RCT design or that conducted a SR of published studies and presented data on symptom or functional outcomes. Two authors independently abstracted relevant information (e.g., study sample, intervention characteristics, treatment effects, safety data). Retained articles (n = 29) included those that evaluated tai chi (8 RCTs, 2 SRs), acupuncture (11 RCTs, 4 SRs), yoga (2 RCTs), and massage therapy (2 RCTs). Available evidence indicates that tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy are safe for use by individuals with OA. Positive short-term (?6 months) effects in the form of reduced pain and improved self-reported physical functioning were found for all 4 treatments. Limited information exists regarding the relative effectiveness of the therapies (e.g., yoga vs. tai chi vs. acupuncture), as well as treatment effects in persons with joint involvement besides the knee and in distinct patient subgroups (e.g., older vs. younger adults, persons with mild vs. moderate vs. advanced disease). Complementary therapies can reduce pain and improve function in adults with OA. Research is needed to evaluate long-term benefits of the treatments, as well as their relative effects among diverse patient subgroups.

Author(s): 
Shengelia, Rouzi
Parker, Samantha J.
Ballin, Mary
George, Teena
Reid, M. Carrington
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Journal Abbreviation: 
Pain Manag Nurs
Publication Date: 
2013-12
Publication Year: 
2013
Pages: 
e274-288
Volume: 
14
Issue: 
4
ISSN: 
1532-8635
DOI: 
10.1016/j.pmn.2012.01.001
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 24315281 PMCID: PMC3857560

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Rouzi Shengelia, Samantha J. Parker, Mary Ballin, Teena George and M. Carrington Reid. 2013-12. "Complementary therapies for osteoarthritis: are they effective?." Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses 14: 4: e274-288. 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.01.001.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.01.001 | issn = 1532-8635 | volume = 14 | pages = e274-288 | last = Shengelia | first = Rouzi | coauthors = Parker, Samantha J., Ballin, Mary, George, Teena, Reid, M. Carrington | title = Complementary therapies for osteoarthritis: are they effective? | journal = Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses | date = 2013-12 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>