To assess the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Manually retrieve RCT papers published in Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion from 2000 to 2006 and use "the extraction form of acupuncture and moxibustion randomized clinical trial report data" to evaluate the quality of RCTs. Six hundred and eighty-six RCTs were enrolled. The methodological quality was lower than the international standard and only one RCT paper described the trial technological process. And there were a less reports about influencing RCT quality, such as acupuncturist's qualification and education background (3.06%), adverse reaction (4.23%), blind method (5.98%) and follow-up (14.43%). RCTs on acupuncture and moxibustion published in Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion need to be improved in trial design, conduction and report.