CT cystography in the evaluation of major bladder trauma
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

Computed tomographic (CT) cystography has been advocated in lieu of conventional cystography in the initial work-up of patients with suspected urinary bladder trauma. CT cystography was applied to a classification scheme for bladder injury based on the degree of wall injury and anatomic location and demonstrated characteristic imaging features for each type of injury. In bladder contusion (type 1), findings are normal. In intraperitoneal rupture (type 2), CT cystography demonstrates intraperitoneal contrast material around bowel loops, between mesenteric folds, and in the paracolic gutters. Manifestations of interstitial injury (type 3) include intramural hemorrhage and submucosal extravasation of contrast material without transmural extension. In extraperitoneal rupture (type 4), the path of extravasated contrast material is variable: Extravasation is confined to the perivesical space in simple extraperitoneal ruptures, whereas in complex extraperitoneal ruptures, contrast material extends beyond the perivesical space and may dissect into a variety of fascial planes and spaces. Combined intra- and extraperitoneal rupture (type 5) usually demonstrates extravasation patterns that are typical for both types of injury. Familiarity with these CT cystographic features allows accurate classification of bladder injury and allows prompt, effective treatment with less radiation exposure than and without the added cost of conventional cystography.

Author(s): 
Vaccaro, J. P.
Brody, J. M.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Radiographics: A Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Journal Abbreviation: 
Radiographics
Publication Date: 
2000-10
Publication Year: 
2000
Pages: 
1373-1381
Volume: 
20
Issue: 
5
ISSN: 
0271-5333
DOI: 
10.1148/radiographics.20.5.g00se111373
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 10992026

Turabian/Chicago Citation

J. P. Vaccaro and J. M. Brody. 2000-10. "CT cystography in the evaluation of major bladder trauma." Radiographics: A Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc 20: 5: 1373-1381. 10.1148/radiographics.20.5.g00se111373.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1148/radiographics.20.5.g00se111373 | issn = 0271-5333 | volume = 20 | pages = 1373-1381 | last = Vaccaro | first = J. P. | coauthors = Brody, J. M. | title = CT cystography in the evaluation of major bladder trauma | journal = Radiographics: A Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc | date = 2000-10 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>