Developing mindfulness in college students through movement-based courses: effects on self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, stress, and sleep quality
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Developing mindfulness in college students through movement-based courses
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether mindfulness increased through participation in movement-based courses and whether changes in self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, and perceived stress mediated the relationship between increased mindfulness and better sleep. PARTICIPANTS: 166 college students enrolled in the 2007-2008 academic year in 15 week classes in Pilates, Taiji quan, or GYROKINESIS. METHODS: At beginning, middle, and end of the semester, participants completed measures of mindfulness, self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, perceived stress, and sleep quality. RESULTS: Total mindfulness scores and mindfulness subscales increased overall. Greater changes in mindfulness were directly related to better sleep quality at the end of the semester after adjusting for sleep disturbance at the beginning. Tiredness, Negative Arousal, Relaxation, and Perceived Stress mediated the effect of increased mindfulness on improved sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Movement-based courses can increase mindfulness. Increased mindfulness accounts for changes in mood and perceived stress, which explain, in part, improved sleep quality.

Author(s): 
Caldwell, Karen
Harrison, Mandy
Adams, Marianne
Quin, Rebecca H.
Greeson, Jeffrey
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of American college health: J of ACH
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Am Coll Health
Publication Date: 
2010 Mar-Apr
Publication Year: 
2010
Pages: 
433-442
Volume: 
58
Issue: 
5
ISSN: 
1940-3208
DOI: 
10.1080/07448480903540481
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 20304755 PMCID: PMC2879280

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Karen Caldwell, Mandy Harrison, Marianne Adams, Rebecca H. Quin and Jeffrey Greeson. 2010 Mar-Apr. "Developing mindfulness in college students through movement-based courses: effects on self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, stress, and sleep quality." Journal of American college health: J of ACH 58: 5: 433-442. 10.1080/07448480903540481.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1080/07448480903540481 | issn = 1940-3208 | volume = 58 | pages = 433-442 | last = Caldwell | first = Karen | coauthors = Harrison, Mandy, Adams, Marianne, Quin, Rebecca H., Greeson, Jeffrey | title = Developing mindfulness in college students through movement-based courses: effects on self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, stress, and sleep quality | journal = Journal of American college health: J of ACH | date = 2010 Mar-Apr | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>