Dietary amelioration of locomotor, neurotransmitter and mitochondrial aging
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

Aging degrades motivation, cognition, sensory modalities and physical capacities, essentially dimming zestful living. Bradykinesis (declining physical movement) is a highly reliable biomarker of aging and mortality risk. Mice fed a complex dietary supplement (DSP) designed to ameliorate five mechanisms associated with aging showed no loss of total daily locomotion compared with >50% decrement in old untreated mice. This was associated with boosted striatal neuropeptide Y, reversal of age-related declines in mitochondrial complex III activity in brain and amelioration of oxidative stress (brain protein carbonyls). Supplemented mice expressed approximately 50% fewer mitochondrial protein carbonyls per unit of complex III activity. Reduction of free radical production by mitochondria may explain the exceptional longevity of birds and dietary restricted animals and no DSP is known to impact this mechanism. Functional benefits greatly exceeded the modest longevity increases documented for supplemented normal mice. Regardless, for aging humans maintaining zestful health and performance into later years may provide greater social and economic benefits than simply prolonging lifespan. Although identifying the role of specific ingredients and interactions remains outstanding, results provide proof of principle that complex dietary cocktails can powerfully ameliorate biomarkers of aging and modulate mechanisms considered ultimate goals for aging interventions.

Author(s): 
Aksenov, Vadim
Long, Jiangang
Lokuge, Sonali
Foster, Jane A.
Liu, Jiankang
Rollo, C. David
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.)
Journal Abbreviation: 
Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood)
Publication Date: 
2010-01
Publication Year: 
2010
Pages: 
66-76
Volume: 
235
Issue: 
1
ISSN: 
1535-3699
DOI: 
10.1258/ebm.2009.009219
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 20404021

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Vadim Aksenov, Jiangang Long, Sonali Lokuge, Jane A. Foster, Jiankang Liu and C. David Rollo. 2010-01. "Dietary amelioration of locomotor, neurotransmitter and mitochondrial aging." Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.) 235: 1: 66-76. 10.1258/ebm.2009.009219.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1258/ebm.2009.009219 | issn = 1535-3699 | volume = 235 | pages = 66-76 | last = Aksenov | first = Vadim | coauthors = Long, Jiangang, Lokuge, Sonali, Foster, Jane A., Liu, Jiankang, Rollo, C. David | title = Dietary amelioration of locomotor, neurotransmitter and mitochondrial aging | journal = Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.) | date = 2010-01 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>