Dietary patterns, assessed from a weighed food record, and survival among elderly participants from the United Kingdom
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is variability in the association between dietary intake and health outcomes across different countries, especially among the elderly. We used the gold standard dietary assessment method, a weighed food record, to examine the association between dietary pattern and mortality in a representative sample of community dwelling participants from Great Britain aged 65 years and older. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary intake was recorded at baseline in 1017 elderly participants (520 men, 497 women, mean age 76.3+/-7.4 years). Exploratory factor analysis was performed to examine dietary patterns and participants were followed up over an average of 9.2 years for mortality. RESULTS: The factor analysis revealed four interpretable principal components accounting for approximately 9.8% of the total variance, with similar patterns across sex. A 'Mediterranean-style' dietary pattern explained the greatest proportion of the variance (3.7%), followed by 'health-aware' (2.2%), 'traditional' (2.0%) and 'sweet and fat' (1.9%) factors. There were a total of 683 deaths through follow-up. After adjustment for potential confounders, only the Mediterranean-style dietary pattern remained associated with mortality (highest vs lowest tertile; hazard ratio=0.82, 95% CI, 0.68-1.00). The benefits of the Mediterranean-style diet were only observed among women (hazard ratio=0.71, 95% CI 0.52-0.96) although in men the traditional diet was a risk factor for mortality (hazard ratio=1.30, 95% CI 1.00-1.71). CONCLUSIONS: Using a gold standard approach, our results confirm previous evidence that dietary patterns are important in longevity among the elderly.

Author(s): 
Hamer, M.
McNaughton, S. A.
Bates, C. J.
Mishra, G. D.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Journal Abbreviation: 
Eur J Clin Nutr
Publication Date: 
2010-08
Publication Year: 
2010
Pages: 
853-861
Volume: 
64
Issue: 
8
ISSN: 
1476-5640
DOI: 
10.1038/ejcn.2010.93
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 20517326 PMCID: PMC3398131

Turabian/Chicago Citation

M. Hamer, S. A. McNaughton, C. J. Bates and G. D. Mishra. 2010-08. "Dietary patterns, assessed from a weighed food record, and survival among elderly participants from the United Kingdom." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 64: 8: 853-861. 10.1038/ejcn.2010.93.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1038/ejcn.2010.93 | issn = 1476-5640 | volume = 64 | pages = 853-861 | last = Hamer | first = M. | coauthors = McNaughton, S. A., Bates, C. J., Mishra, G. D. | title = Dietary patterns, assessed from a weighed food record, and survival among elderly participants from the United Kingdom | journal = European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | date = 2010-08 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>