Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: a meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety
Abstract: 

Hand and computer searches located studies on the effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety. Effect sizes for the different treatments (e.g., Progressive Relaxation, EMG Biofeedback, various forms of meditation, etc.) were calculated. Most of the treatments produced similar effect sizes except that Transcendental Meditation had significantly larger effect size (p less than .005), and meditation that involved concentration had significantly smaller effect. Correlations with effect size were calculated for many variables, e.g., population, age, sex, experimental design, duration and hours of treatment, pretest anxiety, demand characteristics, experimenter attitude, type of publication, attrition, etc. Only a few variables (mainly population, duration, hours, and attrition) significantly influenced effect size. Controlling for possible confounding variables did not alter the overall conclusions. The difference in effect size between treatments was maintained both when only published studies were included and when only the studies with the strongest design were included. Possible explanations for the findings are examined.

Author(s): 
Eppley, K. R.
Abrams, A. I.
Shear, J.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Clin Psychol
Publication Date: 
1989-11
Publication Year: 
1989
Pages: 
957-974
Volume: 
45
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
0021-9762
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 2693491

Turabian/Chicago Citation

K. R. Eppley, A. I. Abrams and J. Shear. 1989-11. "Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: a meta-analysis." Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 6: 957-974.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 0021-9762 | volume = 45 | pages = 957-974 | last = Eppley | first = K. R. | coauthors = Abrams, A. I., Shear, J. | title = Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: a meta-analysis | journal = Journal of Clinical Psychology | date = 1989-11 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>