Effectiveness of Work, Activities of Daily Living, Education, and Sleep Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Effectiveness of Work, Activities of Daily Living, Education, and Sleep Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: To examine interventions addressing work, activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), education, and sleep for people with autism spectrum disorder. METHOD: A total of 23 studies were identified, and 9 work-, 11 ADL/IADL-, and 3 education-related interventions were examined. No sleep studies were identified. RESULTS: Use of mobile and tablet technologies for vocational skills was supported. Support for ADL/IADL intervention is variable, with indications that Cognitive Orientation to Occupational Performance, sensory integration, and contextual interventions may increase occupational performance. Preliminary evidence suggests that daily yoga and brief exercise may improve classroom performance and behavior; group physical activities may assist with school readiness variables. Evidence for using technologies for IADLs was limited, as was evidence determining effective interventions for feeding and eating issues. CONCLUSIONS: Studies investigating interventions related to sleep are lacking. More studies are needed in all areas, presenting opportunities for the expansion of science-driven occupational therapy practice and research for people with ASD.

Author(s): 
Weaver, Lindy L.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Journal Abbreviation: 
Am J Occup Ther
Publication Date: 
2015-10
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
6905180020p1-11
Volume: 
69
Issue: 
5
ISSN: 
0272-9490
DOI: 
10.5014/ajot.2015.017962
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 26356654

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Lindy L. Weaver. 2015-10. "Effectiveness of Work, Activities of Daily Living, Education, and Sleep Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review." The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association 69: 5: 6905180020p1-11. 10.5014/ajot.2015.017962.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.5014/ajot.2015.017962 | issn = 0272-9490 | volume = 69 | pages = 6905180020p1-11 | last = Weaver | first = Lindy L. | coauthors = | title = Effectiveness of Work, Activities of Daily Living, Education, and Sleep Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review | journal = The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association | date = 2015-10 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>