Effects of mindful and non-mindful exercises on people with depression: a systematic review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Effects of mindful and non-mindful exercises on people with depression
Abstract: 

PURPOSE: An emerging body of evidence has shown the therapeutic effect of both mindful and non-mindful physical exercises on the treatment of depression. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of mindful and non-mindful physical exercises as an intervention in managing depression or depressive symptoms based on a systematic literature review. METHODS: Our review was conducted among five electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which tested the effects of mindful or/and non-mindful physical exercises on depression. Studies were classified according to the baseline depression status of participants and its relation to allocation concealment, blinding at outcome assessment, follow-up, and whether intention to treat analysis was employed. RESULTS: The results based on 12 RCTs indicated that both the mindful and non-mindful physical exercises were effective in their short-term effect in reducing depression levels or depressive symptoms. However, most of studies had methodological problems that only small sample size was used, and the maintenance effects of physical exercise were not reported. Specific comparisons between RCTs on mindful and non-mindful exercises were not performed because of the limitations on the designs. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend that more well-controlled studies have to be conducted in the future to address the short- and long-term effects of physical exercise on alleviating depression. Efforts should be focused on unveiling the differential effects of mindful and non-mindful exercises on depression and the underlying mechanisms of their therapeutic action.

Author(s): 
Tsang, Hector W. H.
Chan, Edward P.
Cheung, W. M.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Journal Abbreviation: 
Br J Clin Psychol
Publication Date: 
2008-09
Publication Year: 
2008
Pages: 
303-322
Volume: 
47
Issue: 
Pt 3
ISSN: 
0144-6657
DOI: 
10.1348/014466508X279260
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 18237457

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Hector W. H. Tsang, Edward P. Chan and W. M. Cheung. 2008-09. "Effects of mindful and non-mindful exercises on people with depression: a systematic review." The British Journal of Clinical Psychology 47: Pt 3: 303-322. 10.1348/014466508X279260.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1348/014466508X279260 | issn = 0144-6657 | volume = 47 | pages = 303-322 | last = Tsang | first = Hector W. H. | coauthors = Chan, Edward P., Cheung, W. M. | title = Effects of mindful and non-mindful exercises on people with depression: a systematic review | journal = The British Journal of Clinical Psychology | date = 2008-09 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>