Effects of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Effects of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Abstract: 

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: A meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched to obtain eligible randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was fasting blood glucose, and the secondary outcomes included glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride and postprandial blood glucose. Weighted mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. The I(2) statistic represented heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 12 randomized controlled trials with a total of 864 patients met the inclusion criteria. The pooled weighted mean differences were -23.72 mg/dL (95% CI -37.78 to -9.65; P = 0.001; I(2) = 82%) for fasting blood glucose and -0.47% (95% CI -0.87 to -0.07; P = 0.02; I(2) = 82%) for hemoglobin A1c. The weighted mean differences were -17.38 mg/dL (95% CI -27.88 to -6.89; P = 0.001; I(2) = 0%) for postprandial blood glucose, -18.50 mg/dL (95% CI -29.88 to -7.11; P = 0.001; I(2) = 75%) for total cholesterol, 4.30 mg/dL (95% CI 3.25 to 5.36; P < 0.00001; I(2) = 10%) for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, -12.95 mg/dL (95% CI -18.84 to -7.06; P < 0.0001; I(2) = 37%) for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and -12.57 mg/dL (95% CI -29.91 to 4.76; P = 0.16; I(2) = 48%) for triglycerides. CONCLUSIONS: The available evidence suggests that yoga benefits adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, considering the limited methodology and the potential heterogeneity, further studies are necessary to support our findings and investigate the long-term effects of yoga in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Author(s): 
Cui, Jie
Yan, Jun-Hong
Yan, Li-Ming
Pan, Lei
Le, Jia-Jin
Guo, Yong-Zhong
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Diabetes Investig
Publication Date: 
2017-03
Publication Year: 
2017
Pages: 
201-209
Volume: 
8
Issue: 
2
ISSN: 
2040-1124
DOI: 
10.1111/jdi.12548
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 27370357 PMCID: PMC5334310

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Jie Cui, Jun-Hong Yan, Li-Ming Yan, Lei Pan, Jia-Jin Le and Yong-Zhong Guo. 2017-03. "Effects of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis." Journal of Diabetes Investigation 8: 2: 201-209. 10.1111/jdi.12548.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1111/jdi.12548 | issn = 2040-1124 | volume = 8 | pages = 201-209 | last = Cui | first = Jie | coauthors = Yan, Jun-Hong, Yan, Li-Ming, Pan, Lei, Le, Jia-Jin, Guo, Yong-Zhong | title = Effects of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis | journal = Journal of Diabetes Investigation | date = 2017-03 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>