The effects of yoga among adults with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Short Title: 
The effects of yoga among adults with type 2 diabetes

The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effects of yoga for glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Comprehensive electronic databases searches located 2559 unique studies with relevant key terms. Studies were included if they (1) evaluated a yoga intervention to promote T2DM management, (2) used a comparison group, (3) reported an objective measure of glycemic control at post-intervention, and (4) had follow-up length or post-test of at least 8weeks from baseline. Independent raters coded participant, design and methodological characteristics and intervention content. Summary effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Twenty-three studies with 2473 participants (mean age=53years; 43% women) met eligibility criteria. Compared with controls, yoga participants were successful in improving their HbA1c (d+=0.36, 95% CI=0.16, 0.56; k=16), FBG (d+=0.58, 95% CI=0.40, 0.76; k=20), and PPBG (d+=0.40, 95% CI=0.23, 0.56; k=14). Yoga was also associated with significant improvements in lipid profile, blood pressure, body mass index, waist/hip ratio and cortisol levels. Overall, studies satisfied an average of 41% of the methodological quality (MQ) criteria; MQ score was not associated with any outcome (Ps >0.05). Yoga improved glycemic outcomes and other risk factors for complications in adults with T2DM relative to a control condition. Additional studies with longer follow-ups are needed to determine the long-term efficacy of yoga for adults with T2DM.

Thind, Herpreet
Lantini, Ryan
Balletto, Brittany L.
Donahue, Marissa L.
Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena
Bock, Beth C.
Scott-Sheldon, Lori A. J.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
Prev Med
Publication Date: 
Publication Year: 
Library Catalog: 
PMID: 28882745 PMCID: PMC5653446

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Herpreet Thind, Ryan Lantini, Brittany L. Balletto, Marissa L. Donahue, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Beth C. Bock and Lori A. J. Scott-Sheldon. 2017-12. "The effects of yoga among adults with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis." Preventive Medicine 105: 116-126. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.08.017.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.08.017 | issn = 1096-0260 | volume = 105 | pages = 116-126 | last = Thind | first = Herpreet | coauthors = Lantini, Ryan, Balletto, Brittany L., Donahue, Marissa L., Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena, Bock, Beth C., Scott-Sheldon, Lori A. J. | title = The effects of yoga among adults with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis | journal = Preventive Medicine | date = 2017-12 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>