Effects of yoga interventions on pain and pain-associated disability: a meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Effects of yoga interventions on pain and pain-associated disability
Abstract: 

We searched databases for controlled clinical studies, and performed a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of yoga interventions on pain and associated disability. Five randomized studies reported single-blinding and had a higher methodological quality; 7 studies were randomized but not blinded and had moderate quality; and 4 nonrandomized studies had low quality. In 6 studies, yoga was used to treat patients with back pain; in 2 studies to treat rheumatoid arthritis; in 2 studies to treat patients with headache/migraine; and 6 studies enrolled individuals for other indications. All studies reported positive effects in favor of the yoga interventions. With respect to pain, a random effect meta-analysis estimated the overall treatment effect at SMD = -.74 (CI: -.97; -.52, P < .0001), and an overall treatment effect at SMD = -.79 (CI: -1.02; -.56, P < .0001) for pain-related disability. Despite some limitations, there is evidence that yoga may be useful for several pain-associated disorders. Moreover, there are hints that even short-term interventions might be effective. Nevertheless, large-scale further studies have to identify which patients may benefit from the respective interventions. PERSPECTIVE: This meta-analysis suggests that yoga is a useful supplementary approach with moderate effect sizes on pain and associated disability.

Author(s): 
Büssing, Arndt
Ostermann, Thomas
Lüdtke, Rainer
Michalsen, Andreas
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Pain
Publication Date: 
2012-01
Publication Year: 
2012
Pages: 
9-Jan
Volume: 
13
Issue: 
1
ISSN: 
1528-8447
DOI: 
10.1016/j.jpain.2011.10.001
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 22178433

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Arndt Büssing, Thomas Ostermann, Rainer Lüdtke and Andreas Michalsen. 2012-01. "Effects of yoga interventions on pain and pain-associated disability: a meta-analysis." The Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society 13: 1: 9-Jan. 10.1016/j.jpain.2011.10.001.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.jpain.2011.10.001 | issn = 1528-8447 | volume = 13 | pages = 9-Jan | last = Büssing | first = Arndt | coauthors = Ostermann, Thomas, Lüdtke, Rainer, Michalsen, Andreas | title = Effects of yoga interventions on pain and pain-associated disability: a meta-analysis | journal = The Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society | date = 2012-01 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>