The Effects of Yoga on Positive Mental Health Among Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
The Effects of Yoga on Positive Mental Health Among Healthy Adults
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an overview of the research on the effects of yoga on positive mental health (PMH) among non-clinical adult populations. METHODS: This was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, including a risk of bias assessment. The electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, IndMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1975 to 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions on PMH among a healthy adult population were selected. RESULTS: A total of 17 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Four indicators of PMH were found: psychological well-being, life satisfaction, social relationships, and mindfulness. A significant increase in psychological well-being in favor of yoga over no active control was found. Overall risk of bias was unclear due to incomplete reporting. CONCLUSIONS: The current body of research offers weak evidence that the practice of yoga contributes to an increase in PMH among adults from non-clinical populations in general. Yoga was found to contribute to a significant increase in psychological well-being when compared to no intervention but not compared to physical activity. For life satisfaction (emotional well-being), social relationships (social well-being), and mindfulness no significant effects for yoga were found over active or non-active controls. Due to the limited amount of studies, the heterogeneity of the intervention, and perhaps the way PMH is being measured, any definite conclusions on the effects of yoga on PMH cannot be drawn.

Author(s): 
Hendriks, Tom
de Jong, Joop
Cramer, Holger
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Altern Complement Med
Publication Date: 
2017-07
Publication Year: 
2017
Pages: 
505-517
Volume: 
23
Issue: 
7
ISSN: 
1557-7708
DOI: 
10.1089/acm.2016.0334
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 28437149

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Tom Hendriks, Joop de Jong and Holger Cramer. 2017-07. "The Effects of Yoga on Positive Mental Health Among Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis." Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.) 23: 7: 505-517. 10.1089/acm.2016.0334.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1089/acm.2016.0334 | issn = 1557-7708 | volume = 23 | pages = 505-517 | last = Hendriks | first = Tom | coauthors = de Jong, Joop, Cramer, Holger | title = The Effects of Yoga on Positive Mental Health Among Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis | journal = Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.) | date = 2017-07 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>