Efficacy of acupuncture in reducing preoperative anxiety: a meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Efficacy of acupuncture in reducing preoperative anxiety
Abstract: 

Background. Acupuncture has been shown to reduce preoperative anxiety in several previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In order to assess the preoperative anxiolytic efficacy of acupuncture therapy, this study conducted a meta-analysis of an array of appropriate studies. Methods. Four electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and CINAHL) were searched up to February 2014. In the meta-analysis data were included from RCT studies in which groups receiving preoperative acupuncture treatment were compared with control groups receiving a placebo for anxiety. Results. Fourteen publications (N = 1,034) were included. Six publications, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State (STAI-S), reported that acupuncture interventions led to greater reductions in preoperative anxiety relative to sham acupuncture (mean difference = 5.63, P < .00001, 95% CI [4.14, 7.11]). Further eight publications, employing visual analogue scales (VAS), also indicated significant differences in preoperative anxiety amelioration between acupuncture and sham acupuncture (mean difference = 19.23, P < .00001, 95% CI [16.34, 22.12]). Conclusions. Acupuncture therapy aiming at reducing preoperative anxiety has a statistically significant effect relative to placebo or nontreatment conditions. Well-designed and rigorous studies that employ large sample sizes are necessary to corroborate this finding.

Author(s): 
Bae, Hyojeong
Bae, Hyunsu
Min, Byung-Il
Cho, Seunghun
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM
Journal Abbreviation: 
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
Publication Date: 
2014
Publication Year: 
2014
Pages: 
850367
Volume: 
2014
ISSN: 
1741-427X
DOI: 
10.1155/2014/850367
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 25254059 PMCID: PMC4165564

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Hyojeong Bae, Hyunsu Bae, Byung-Il Min and Seunghun Cho. 2014. "Efficacy of acupuncture in reducing preoperative anxiety: a meta-analysis." Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM 2014: 850367. 10.1155/2014/850367.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1155/2014/850367 | issn = 1741-427X | volume = 2014 | pages = 850367 | last = Bae | first = Hyojeong | coauthors = Bae, Hyunsu, Min, Byung-Il, Cho, Seunghun | title = Efficacy of acupuncture in reducing preoperative anxiety: a meta-analysis | journal = Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM | date = 2014 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>