Empathic concern drives costly altruism
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

Why do we self-sacrifice to help others in distress? Two competing theories have emerged, one suggesting that prosocial behavior is primarily motivated by feelings of empathic other-oriented concern, the other that we help mainly because we are egoistically focused on reducing our own discomfort. Here we explore the relationship between costly altruism and these two sub-processes of empathy, specifically drawing on the caregiving model to test the theory that trait empathic concern (e.g. general tendency to have sympathy for another) and trait personal distress (e.g. predisposition to experiencing aversive arousal states) may differentially drive altruistic behavior. We find that trait empathic concern--and not trait personal distress--motivates costly altruism, and this relationship is supported by activity in the ventral tegmental area, caudate and subgenual anterior cingulate, key regions for promoting social attachment and caregiving. Together, this data helps identify the behavioral and neural mechanisms motivating costly altruism, while demonstrating that individual differences in empathic concern-related brain responses can predict real prosocial choice.

Author(s): 
FeldmanHall, Oriel
Dalgleish, Tim
Evans, Davy
Mobbs, Dean
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
NeuroImage
Journal Abbreviation: 
Neuroimage
Publication Date: 
1/15/2015
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
347-356
Volume: 
105
ISSN: 
1095-9572
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 25462694 PMCID: PMC4275572

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Oriel FeldmanHall, Tim Dalgleish, Davy Evans and Dean Mobbs. 1/15/2015. "Empathic concern drives costly altruism." NeuroImage 105: 347-356.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 1095-9572 | volume = 105 | pages = 347-356 | last = FeldmanHall | first = Oriel | coauthors = Dalgleish, Tim, Evans, Davy, Mobbs, Dean | title = Empathic concern drives costly altruism | journal = NeuroImage | date = 1/15/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>