Enhancement of artemisinin concentration and yield in response to optimization of nitrogen and potassium supply to Artemisia annua
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The resurgence of malaria, particularly in the developing world, is considerable and exacerbated by the development of single-gene multi-drug resistances to chemicals such as chloroquinone. Drug therapies, as recommended by the World Health Organization, now include the use of antimalarial compounds derived from Artemisia annua--in particular, the use of artemisinin-based ingredients. Despite our limited knowledge of its mode of action or biosynthesis there is a need to secure a supply and enhance yields of artemisinin. The present study aims to determine how plant biomass can be enhanced while maximizing artemisinin concentration by understanding the plant's nutritional requirements for nitrogen and potassium. METHODS: Experiments were carried out, the first with differing concentrations of nitrogen, at 6, 31, 56, 106, 206 or 306 mg L(-1) being applied, while the other differing in potassium concentration (51, 153 or 301 mg L(-1)). Nutrients were supplied in irrigation water to plants in pots and after a growth period biomass production and leaf artemisinin concentration were measured. These data were used to determine optimal nutrient requirements for artemisinin yield. KEY RESULTS: Nitrogen nutrition enhanced plant nitrogen concentration and biomass production successively up to 106 mg N L(-1) for biomass and 206 mg N L(-1) for leaf nitrogen; further increases in nitrogen had no influence. Artemisinin concentration in dried leaf material, measured by HPLC mass spectroscopy, was maximal at a nitrogen application of 106 mg L(-1), but declined at higher concentrations. Increasing potassium application from 51 to 153 mg L(-1) increased total plant biomass, but not at higher applications. Potassium application enhanced leaf potassium concentration, but there was no effect on leaf artemisinin concentration or leaf artemisinin yield. CONCLUSIONS: Artemisinin concentration declined beyond an optimal point with increasing plant nitrogen concentration. Maximization of artemisinin yield (amount per plant) requires optimization of plant biomass via control of nitrogen nutrition.

Author(s): 
Davies, Michael J.
Atkinson, Christopher J.
Burns, Corrinne
Woolley, Jack G.
Hipps, Neil A.
Arroo, Randolph R. J.
Dungey, Nigel
Robinson, Trevor
Brown, Paul
Flockart, Ian
Hill, Colin
Smith, Lydia
Bentley, Steven
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Annals of Botany
Journal Abbreviation: 
Ann. Bot.
Publication Date: 
8/9/2015
Publication Year: 
2009
Pages: 
315-323
Volume: 
104
Issue: 
2
ISSN: 
1095-8290
DOI: 
10.1093/aob/mcp126
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 19483202 PMCID: PMC2710909

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Michael J. Davies, Christopher J. Atkinson, Corrinne Burns, Jack G. Woolley, Neil A. Hipps, Randolph R. J. Arroo, Nigel Dungey, Trevor Robinson, Paul Brown, Ian Flockart, Colin Hill, Lydia Smith and Steven Bentley. 8/9/2015. "Enhancement of artemisinin concentration and yield in response to optimization of nitrogen and potassium supply to Artemisia annua." Annals of Botany 104: 2: 315-323. 10.1093/aob/mcp126.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1093/aob/mcp126 | issn = 1095-8290 | volume = 104 | pages = 315-323 | last = Davies | first = Michael J. | coauthors = Atkinson, Christopher J., Burns, Corrinne, Woolley, Jack G., Hipps, Neil A., Arroo, Randolph R. J., Dungey, Nigel, Robinson, Trevor, Brown, Paul, Flockart, Ian, Hill, Colin, Smith, Lydia, Bentley, Steven | title = Enhancement of artemisinin concentration and yield in response to optimization of nitrogen and potassium supply to Artemisia annua | journal = Annals of Botany | date = 8/9/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>