The evidence-base for complementary medicine in children: a critical overview of systematic reviews
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
The evidence-base for complementary medicine in children
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in paediatric populations is common yet, to date, there has been no synthesis of the evidence of its effectiveness in that population. This overview of systematic review evaluates the evidence for or against the effectiveness of CAM for any childhood condition. METHODS: Medline, AMED and Cochrane were searched from inception until September 2009. Reference lists of retrieved articles were hand-searched. Experts in the field of CAM were contacted. No language restrictions were applied. RESULTS: 17 systematic reviews were included in this overview, covering acupuncture, chiropractic, herbal medicine, homeopathy, hypnotherapy, massage and yoga. Results were unconvincing for most conditions although there is some evidence to suggest that acupuncture may be effective for postoperative nausea and vomiting, and that hypnotherapy may be effective in reducing procedure-related pain. Most of the reviews failed to mention the incidence of adverse effects of CAMs. CONCLUSIONS: Although there is some encouraging evidence for hypnosis, herbal medicine and acupuncture, there is insufficient evidence to suggest that other CAMs are effective for the treatment of childhood conditions. Many of the systematic reviews included in this overview were of low quality, as were the randomised clinical trials within those reviews, further reducing the weight of that evidence. Future research in CAM for children should conform to the reporting standards outlined in the CONSORT and PRISMA guidelines.

Author(s): 
Hunt, Katherine
Ernst, Edzard
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Archives of Disease in Childhood
Journal Abbreviation: 
Arch. Dis. Child.
Publication Date: 
2011-08
Publication Year: 
2011
Pages: 
769-776
Volume: 
96
Issue: 
8
ISSN: 
1468-2044
DOI: 
10.1136/adc.2009.179036
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 20605859

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Katherine Hunt and Edzard Ernst. 2011-08. "The evidence-base for complementary medicine in children: a critical overview of systematic reviews." Archives of Disease in Childhood 96: 8: 769-776. 10.1136/adc.2009.179036.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1136/adc.2009.179036 | issn = 1468-2044 | volume = 96 | pages = 769-776 | last = Hunt | first = Katherine | coauthors = Ernst, Edzard | title = The evidence-base for complementary medicine in children: a critical overview of systematic reviews | journal = Archives of Disease in Childhood | date = 2011-08 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>