Hypnotherapy for the management of chronic pain
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

This article reviews controlled prospective trials of hypnosis for the treatment of chronic pain. Thirteen studies, excluding studies of headaches, were identified that compared outcomes from hypnosis for the treatment of chronic pain to either baseline data or a control condition. The findings indicate that hypnosis interventions consistently produce significant decreases in pain associated with a variety of chronic-pain problems. Also, hypnosis was generally found to be more effective than nonhypnotic interventions such as attention, physical therapy, and education. Most of the hypnosis interventions for chronic pain include instructions in self-hypnosis. However, there is a lack of standardization of the hypnotic interventions examined in clinical trials, and the number of patients enrolled in the studies has tended to be low and lacking long-term follow-up. Implications of the findings for future clinical research and applications are discussed.

Author(s): 
Elkins, Gary
Jensen, Mark P.
Patterson, David R.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Journal Abbreviation: 
Int J Clin Exp Hypn
Publication Date: 
7/7/2015
Publication Year: 
2007
Pages: 
275-287
Volume: 
55
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
0020-7144
DOI: 
10.1080/00207140701338621
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 17558718 PMCID: PMC2752362

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Gary Elkins, Mark P. Jensen and David R. Patterson. 7/7/2015. "Hypnotherapy for the management of chronic pain." The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 55: 3: 275-287. 10.1080/00207140701338621.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1080/00207140701338621 | issn = 0020-7144 | volume = 55 | pages = 275-287 | last = Elkins | first = Gary | coauthors = Jensen, Mark P., Patterson, David R. | title = Hypnotherapy for the management of chronic pain | journal = The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis | date = 7/7/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>