Optimism and proactive coping in relation to burnout among nurses
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

AIM: The study investigated the three symptoms of burnout among hospital nurses and examined the buffering effects of optimism and proactive coping in relation to burnout. BACKGROUND: Nursing is a profession that can easily lead to burnout. Burnout has been one of the most investigated work outcomes in current research. Previous research has largely ignored the positive influence of individuals on job outcomes and has not tested a constructive framework that might facilitate interventions to prevent burnout. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of 314 staff nurses in general hospitals in Taiwan. Participants completed a set of questionnaires with demographic information. FINDING: The findings suggested that higher levels of proactive coping behaviours and optimism were associated with lower levels of burnout. Optimism was found to have the strongest relationship with the decreased personal accomplishment of burnout. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study confirmed the importance of optimism and proactive coping in prevention of symptoms of burnout. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The results of this study provided important recommendations regarding stress management interventions for health-care managers, nurses, psychologists and human resource staff in the reduction of burnout to promote mental health in an organisation.

Author(s): 
Chang, Yuhsuan
Chan, Hsin-Ju
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Nursing Management
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Nurs Manag
Publication Date: 
2015-04
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
401-408
Volume: 
23
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
1365-2834
DOI: 
10.1111/jonm.12148
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 24112222

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Yuhsuan Chang and Hsin-Ju Chan. 2015-04. "Optimism and proactive coping in relation to burnout among nurses." Journal of Nursing Management 23: 3: 401-408. 10.1111/jonm.12148.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1111/jonm.12148 | issn = 1365-2834 | volume = 23 | pages = 401-408 | last = Chang | first = Yuhsuan | coauthors = Chan, Hsin-Ju | title = Optimism and proactive coping in relation to burnout among nurses | journal = Journal of Nursing Management | date = 2015-04 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>