The safety of acupuncture during pregnancy: a systematic review
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
The safety of acupuncture during pregnancy
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: Although there is a growing interest in the use of acupuncture during pregnancy, the safety of acupuncture is yet to be rigorously investigated. The objective of this review is to identify adverse events (AEs) associated with acupuncture treatment during pregnancy. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED) and five Korean databases up to February 2013. Reference lists of relevant articles were screened for additional reports. Studies were included regardless of their design if they reported original data and involved acupuncture needling and/or moxibustion treatment for any conditions in pregnant women. Studies of acupuncture for delivery, abortion, assisted reproduction or postpartum conditions were excluded. AE data were extracted and assessed in terms of severity and causality, and incidence was determined. RESULTS: Of 105 included studies, detailed AEs were reported only in 25 studies represented by 27 articles (25.7%). AEs evaluated as certain, probable or possible in the causality assessment were all mild/moderate in severity, with needling pain being the most frequent. Severe AEs or deaths were few and all considered unlikely to have been caused by acupuncture. Total AE incidence was 1.9%, and the incidence of AEs evaluated as certainly, probably or possibly causally related to acupuncture was 1.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture during pregnancy appears to be associated with few AEs when correctly applied.

Author(s): 
Park, Jimin
Sohn, Youngjoo
White, Adrian R.
Lee, Hyangsook
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Journal Abbreviation: 
Acupunct Med
Publication Date: 
2014-06
Publication Year: 
2014
Pages: 
257-266
Volume: 
32
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
1759-9873
DOI: 
10.1136/acupmed-2013-010480
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 24554789 PMCID: PMC4112450

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Jimin Park, Youngjoo Sohn, Adrian R. White and Hyangsook Lee. 2014-06. "The safety of acupuncture during pregnancy: a systematic review." Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society 32: 3: 257-266. 10.1136/acupmed-2013-010480.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1136/acupmed-2013-010480 | issn = 1759-9873 | volume = 32 | pages = 257-266 | last = Park | first = Jimin | coauthors = Sohn, Youngjoo, White, Adrian R., Lee, Hyangsook | title = The safety of acupuncture during pregnancy: a systematic review | journal = Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society | date = 2014-06 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>