Systematic review and meta-analysis of distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence (and quality) for distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents. To explore the effects of distraction characteristics (e.g., adult involvement, type of distracter), child age, and study risk of bias on treatment efficacy. METHODS: 26 distraction and 7 hypnosis trials were included and self-report, observer-report, and behavioral pain intensity and distress examined. Distraction studies were coded for 4 intervention characteristics, and all studies coded for child age and study risk of bias. RESULTS: Findings showed strong support for distraction and hypnosis for reducing pain and distress from needle procedures. The quality of available evidence was low, however. Characteristics of distraction interventions, child age, and study risk of bias showed some influence on treatment efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Distraction and hypnosis are efficacious in reducing needle-related pain and distress in children. The quality of trials in this area needs to be improved.

Author(s): 
Birnie, Kathryn A.
Noel, Melanie
Parker, Jennifer A.
Chambers, Christine T.
Uman, Lindsay S.
Kisely, Steve R.
McGrath, Patrick J.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Pediatr Psychol
Publication Date: 
2014-09
Publication Year: 
2014
Pages: 
783-808
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
8
ISSN: 
1465-735X
DOI: 
10.1093/jpepsy/jsu029
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 24891439 PMCID: PMC4138805

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Kathryn A. Birnie, Melanie Noel, Jennifer A. Parker, Christine T. Chambers, Lindsay S. Uman, Steve R. Kisely and Patrick J. McGrath. 2014-09. "Systematic review and meta-analysis of distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents." Journal of Pediatric Psychology 39: 8: 783-808. 10.1093/jpepsy/jsu029.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1093/jpepsy/jsu029 | issn = 1465-735X | volume = 39 | pages = 783-808 | last = Birnie | first = Kathryn A. | coauthors = Noel, Melanie, Parker, Jennifer A., Chambers, Christine T., Uman, Lindsay S., Kisely, Steve R., McGrath, Patrick J. | title = Systematic review and meta-analysis of distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents | journal = Journal of Pediatric Psychology | date = 2014-09 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>