A systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia: An update
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
A systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia
Abstract: 

This systematic review summarizes the most recent evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) considering the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions (aerobic exercises, strength exercises, relaxation training, basic body awareness exercises, or a combination of these) within the multidisciplinary management of schizophrenia. Two authors searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane Library considering RCTs published from July 1, 2011-October 1, 2014. Thirteen RCTs representing 549 participants met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results demonstrate that aerobic exercise significantly reduces psychiatric symptoms, potentially improves mental and physical quality of life and reduces metabolic risk and weight. Specifically, yoga reduces psychiatric symptoms, whilst Tai-chi and progressive muscle relaxation may also have benefits to patients. Two RCTs reported on adverse events. No adverse event was observed supporting the notion that physical therapy is safe in people with schizophrenia. There was considerable heterogeneity in the design, implementation and outcomes in the included studies precluding a meaningful meta-analysis. In general, the quality of physical therapy RCTS is improving and current research demonstrates that physical therapy approaches are valuable interventions and can help improve the psychiatric, physical and quality of life of people with schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Vera-Garcia, Elisa
Mayoral-Cleries, Fermín
Vancampfort, Davy
Stubbs, Brendon
Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio I.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research
Journal Abbreviation: 
Psychiatry Res
Publication Date: 
10/30/2015
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
828-839
Volume: 
229
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
1872-7123
DOI: 
10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.083
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 26254795

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Elisa Vera-Garcia, Fermín Mayoral-Cleries, Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs and Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas. 10/30/2015. "A systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia: An update." Psychiatry Research 229: 3: 828-839. 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.083.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.083 | issn = 1872-7123 | volume = 229 | pages = 828-839 | last = Vera-Garcia | first = Elisa | coauthors = Mayoral-Cleries, Fermín, Vancampfort, Davy, Stubbs, Brendon, Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio I. | title = A systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia: An update | journal = Psychiatry Research | date = 10/30/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>