Systematic reviews of complementary therapies - an annotated bibliography. Part 1: acupuncture
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Systematic reviews of complementary therapies - an annotated bibliography. Part 1
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: Complementary therapies are widespread but controversial. We aim to provide a comprehensive collection and a summary of systematic reviews of clinical trials in three major complementary therapies (acupuncture, herbal medicine, homeopathy). This article is dealing with acupuncture. Potentially relevant reviews were searched through the register of the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field, the Cochrane Library, Medline, and bibliographies of articles and books. To be included articles had to review prospective clinical trials of acupuncture; had to describe review methods explicitly; had to be published; and had to focus on treatment effects. Information on conditions, interventions, methods, results and conclusions was extracted using a pretested form and summarized descriptively. RESULTS: From a total of 48 potentially relevant reviews preselected in a screening process 39 met the inclusion criteria. 22 were on various pain syndromes or rheumatic diseases. Other topics addressed by more than one review were addiction, nausea, asthma and tinnitus. Almost unanimously the reviews state that acupuncture trials include too few patients. Often included trials are heterogeneous regarding patients, interventions and outcome measures, are considered to have insufficient quality and contradictory results. Convincing evidence is available only for postoperative nausea, for which acupuncture appears to be of benefit, and smoking cessation, where acupuncture is no more effective than sham acupuncture. CONCLUSIONS: A large number of systematic reviews on acupuncture exists. What is most obvious from these reviews is the need for (the funding of) well-designed, larger clinical trials.

Author(s): 
Linde, K.
Vickers, A.
Hondras, M.
ter Riet, G.
Thormählen, J.
Berman, B.
Melchart, D.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
BMC Complement Altern Med
Publication Date: 
2001
Publication Year: 
2001
Pages: 
3
Volume: 
1
ISSN: 
1472-6882
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 11513758 PMCID: PMC37539

Turabian/Chicago Citation

K. Linde, A. Vickers, M. Hondras, G. ter Riet, J. Thormählen, B. Berman and D. Melchart. 2001. "Systematic reviews of complementary therapies - an annotated bibliography. Part 1: acupuncture." BMC complementary and alternative medicine 1: 3.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 1472-6882 | volume = 1 | pages = 3 | last = Linde | first = K. | coauthors = Vickers, A., Hondras, M., ter Riet, G., Thormählen, J., Berman, B., Melchart, D. | title = Systematic reviews of complementary therapies - an annotated bibliography. Part 1: acupuncture | journal = BMC complementary and alternative medicine | date = 2001 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>