Vitamin and mineral supplement use and mortality in a US cohort
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: Vitamin and mineral supplementation is a common practice in the United States, yet little is known about the long-term health effects of regular supplement use. METHODS: To examine the relationship between reported use of supplements and mortality, we analyzed data from US adults 25 to 74 years of age who were examined in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1971 to 1975), with vital status determined through 1987. RESULTS: At baseline, 22.5% of the cohort reported using supplements regularly and 10.0% reported irregular use. The risk of mortality for regular supplement users was similar to that for nonusers. No consistent mortality benefits or risks of supplement use were found across a number of population subgroups. The risk for those who reported supplement use at both the baseline and a follow-up interview approximately 10 years later was similar to the risk for those who reported not using supplements at either interview. CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of increased longevity among vitamin and mineral supplement users in the United States. Considering the wide use of supplements in the general population, the cost-effectiveness and the safety of supplement use need to be better defined.

Author(s): 
Kim, I.
Williamson, D. F.
Byers, T.
Koplan, J. P.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health
Journal Abbreviation: 
Am J Public Health
Publication Date: 
1993-04
Publication Year: 
1993
Pages: 
546-550
Volume: 
83
Issue: 
4
ISSN: 
0090-0036
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 8460732 PMCID: PMC1694474

Turabian/Chicago Citation

I. Kim, D. F. Williamson, T. Byers and J. P. Koplan. 1993-04. "Vitamin and mineral supplement use and mortality in a US cohort." American Journal of Public Health 83: 4: 546-550.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 0090-0036 | volume = 83 | pages = 546-550 | last = Kim | first = I. | coauthors = Williamson, D. F., Byers, T., Koplan, J. P. | title = Vitamin and mineral supplement use and mortality in a US cohort | journal = American Journal of Public Health | date = 1993-04 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>