The in vitro evidence for an effect of high homeopathic potencies--a systematic review of the literature
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVE: Systematic assessment of the in vitro research on high potency effects. METHOD: Publications of experiments were collected through databases, experts, previous reviews, citation tracking. INCLUSION CRITERIA: stepwise agitated dilutions <10(-23); cells or molecules from human or animal. Experiments were assessed with the modified SAPEH score. RESULTS: From 75 publications, 67 experiments (1/3 of them replications) were evaluated. Nearly 3/4 of them found a high potency effect, and 2/3 of those 18 that scored 6 points or more and controlled contamination. Nearly 3/4 of all replications were positive. Design and experimental models of the reviewed experiments were inhomogenous, most were performed on basophiles. CONCLUSIONS: Even experiments with a high methodological standard could demonstrate an effect of high potencies. No positive result was stable enough to be reproduced by all investigators. A general adoption of succussed controls, randomization and blinding would strengthen the evidence of future experiments.

Author(s): 
Witt, Claudia M.
Bluth, Michael
Albrecht, Henning
Weisshuhn, Thorolf E. R.
Baumgartner, Stephan
Willich, Stefan N.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
Complement Ther Med
Publication Date: 
2007-06
Publication Year: 
2007
Pages: 
128-138
Volume: 
15
Issue: 
2
ISSN: 
0965-2299
DOI: 
10.1016/j.ctim.2007.01.011
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 17544864

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Claudia M. Witt, Michael Bluth, Henning Albrecht, Thorolf E. R. Weisshuhn, Stephan Baumgartner and Stefan N. Willich. 2007-06. "The in vitro evidence for an effect of high homeopathic potencies--a systematic review of the literature." Complementary Therapies in Medicine 15: 2: 128-138. 10.1016/j.ctim.2007.01.011.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ctim.2007.01.011 | issn = 0965-2299 | volume = 15 | pages = 128-138 | last = Witt | first = Claudia M. | coauthors = Bluth, Michael, Albrecht, Henning, Weisshuhn, Thorolf E. R., Baumgartner, Stephan, Willich, Stefan N. | title = The in vitro evidence for an effect of high homeopathic potencies--a systematic review of the literature | journal = Complementary Therapies in Medicine | date = 2007-06 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>