A web exercise in evidence-based medicine using cognitive theory
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

Our aim was to improve clinical reasoning skills by applying an established theory of memory, cognition, and decision making (fuzzy-trace theory) to instruction in evidence-based medicine. Decision-making tasks concerning chest pain evaluation in women were developed for medical students and internal medicine residents. The fuzzy-trace theory guided the selection of online sources (e.g., target articles) and decision-making tasks. Twelve students and 22 internal medicine residents attended didactic conferences emphasizing search, evaluation, and clinical application of relevant evidence. A 17-item Likert scale questionnaire assessed participants' evaluation of the instruction. Ratings for each of the 17 items differed significantly from chance in favor of this alternative approach to instruction. We concluded that fuzzy-trace theory may be a useful guide for developing learning exercises in evidence-based medicine.

Author(s): 
Lloyd, F. J.
Reyna, V. F.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Gen Intern Med
Publication Date: 
Feb 2001
Publication Year: 
2001
Pages: 
94-99
Volume: 
16
Issue: 
2
ISSN: 
0884-8734
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 11251760 PMCID: PMC1495176

Turabian/Chicago Citation

F. J. Lloyd and V. F. Reyna. Feb 2001. "A web exercise in evidence-based medicine using cognitive theory." Journal of General Internal Medicine 16: 2: 94-99.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 0884-8734 | volume = 16 | pages = 94-99 | last = Lloyd | first = F. J. | coauthors = Reyna, V. F. | title = A web exercise in evidence-based medicine using cognitive theory | journal = Journal of General Internal Medicine | date = Feb 2001 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>