Women’s representation in science predicts national gender-science stereotypes: Evidence from 66 nations
Short Title: 
Women’s representation in science predicts national gender-science stereotypes
Abstract: 

In the past 40 years, the proportion of women in science courses and careers has dramatically increased in some nations but not in others. Our research investigated how national differences in women’s science participation related to gender-science stereotypes that associate science with men more than women. Data from ?350,000 participants in 66 nations indicated that higher female enrollment in tertiary science education (community college or above) related to weaker explicit and implicit national gender-science stereotypes. Higher female employment in the researcher workforce related to weaker explicit, but not implicit, gender-science stereotypes. These relationships remained after controlling for many theoretically relevant covariates. Even nations with high overall gender equity (e.g., the Netherlands) had strong gender-science stereotypes if men dominated science fields specifically. In addition, the relationship between women’s educational enrollment in science and implicit gender-science stereotypes was stronger for college-educated participants than participants without college education. Implications for instructional practices and educational policies are discussed.

Author(s): 
Miller, David I.
Eagly, Alice H.
Linn, Marcia C.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Educational Psychology
Publication Date: 
2015
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
631-644
Volume: 
107
Issue: 
3
ISSN: 
1939-2176(Electronic);0022-0663(Print)
DOI: 
10.1037/edu0000005
Library Catalog: 
APA PsycNET

Turabian/Chicago Citation

David I. Miller, Alice H. Eagly and Marcia C. Linn. 2015. "Women’s representation in science predicts national gender-science stereotypes: Evidence from 66 nations." Journal of Educational Psychology 107: 3: 631-644. 10.1037/edu0000005.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1037/edu0000005 | issn = 1939-2176(Electronic);0022-0663(Print) | volume = 107 | pages = 631-644 | last = Miller | first = David I. | coauthors = Eagly, Alice H., Linn, Marcia C. | title = Women’s representation in science predicts national gender-science stereotypes: Evidence from 66 nations | journal = Journal of Educational Psychology | date = 2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>