It is estimated that between 1,500 and 2,000 Danish doctors are using acupuncture in their daily practice, in particular for diseases in the locomotor system. The purpose of this paper is to clarify what acupuncture's possible mode of action is and for which diseases within the locomotor system acceptable evidence exists for its use. The author concludes that reasonable scientific evidence exists for the alleviation of myogenic facial pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, elbow pain, low back pain and knee pain.
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have indicated that the population in general perceives doctors as reliable. In the present study perceptions of reliability and kindness attributed to another socially significant archetype, Santa Claus, have been comparatively examined in relation to the doctor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 52 randomly chosen participants were shown a film, where a narrator dressed either as Santa Claus or as a doctor tells an identical story.
The treatment of odontophobia is often relegated to treatment under general anesthesia as a quick solution, but this has proven to be ineffective in the long run. Other more cognitive approaches include flooding, where the patient learns through courageous participation to endure the fear through several routine dental treatments. Since this can often backfire on the patient, systematic desensitization is preferred, in combination with psychotherapy that is aided by progressive muscle relaxation or fading, biofeedback training or stress inoculation training.
Two cases of hypnotherapeutic treatment of psychogenic hyperhidrosis are presented. In both cases, organic aetiology could be excluded and conventional medical treatment modalities had no effect. In both cases, it was possible to modulate sweating in the trance state within less than a minute, thus supporting other reported cases of the effect of hypnotically induced modulation of autonomic responses.
On the basis of the literature available, no certain proof can be found that human chorion gonadotropin, progesterone, oestradiol, ACTH, thyreoid patrameters or vitamin B6 are of causal significance for hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). Hyperemesis gravidarum has undoubtedly a considerable psychological basis. The frequency is greatest in industrialized societies and change of environment, in itself, is frequently adequate treatment.
Urinary incontinence has a great impact on the quality of life in many patients. This article gives simple regulations and advice which can improve the situation. The treatment of stress- and urge incontinence is discussed. In stress incontinence conservative treatment in the form of pelvic floor muscle exercise should always be the first choice of treatment. This treatment can be aided by biofeedback, cones or electrostimulation. Mechanical devices and pharmacological treatment is another option. Different surgical methods are discussed.
The Hippocratic text 'On the winds, waters and places' contains a fairly long description of an ancient Scythian tribe, the nomadic Sauromats. In this tribe the gender roles appear to have been inverted to some degree. The virgin women fight from horseback with swords, bows and arrows, and are not allowed to marry before they have killed three enemies. The married women are often infertile. The Hippocratic author ascribes this to the pronounced fatness of these women.