Aged population dominates in developed countries. Centenarians are a select group, and only one in 7,000 to 10,000 reach that age. Factors of longevity are numerous and include genetic predisposition (a locus on chromosome 4), environment, healthy lifestyle (hypocaloric diet, regular physical and mental exercise), accessible health services, and efficient health protection at old age. Centenarians are well adapted to the new life and compensate for the loss of functions with age. The limits of human life are extended, so that nowadays the oldest person has reached the age of 128.
For some reason, the sacral heritage of Lovran and its surroundings has escaped the eye of medical historians, until now. seeing that the Parish Church of st George in Lovran holds a central position in this heritage, the authors provide an analysis of medical elements in the church. The analysis has focused on three aspects. The first aspect are medical elements, especially the anthropological features of characters depicted on the frescoes, which belong to the earliest and most representative of the whole region.
As a religion based on the teaching of Jesus Christ, from the outset Christianity has developed a completely different attitude toward health and illness than the Old Testament. Health and illness are now viewed through the eyes of Jesus Christ the redeemer, who accepted each and every man. The history of Christianity has had its episodes of masochistic attitude toward illness, but today it clearly underscores the need to fight it with any means available, but it also teaches to accept what can not be changed. Saints are often patrons against diseases they had to endure.
In inland Croatia, Franciscan friars had been scattered across three multi-national provinces - the Croatian and Carniolan province in the west, the province of St Ladislaus in the north, and the province of St John Capistrano in the east. The three provinces united into a single Croatian Franciscan province of St Cyrill and Methodius in 1900. As the monastery in Zagreb, the Croatian capital, was the number one in the province of St Ladislaus, it is quite likely that the way of living and the laws of this province influenced the other two inland provinces.
Neurologia Croatica: Glasilo Udruzenja Neurologa Jugoslavije = Official Journal of Yugoslav Neurological Association
Dr. Niko Selak (Dubrovnik, 1862--Zagreb, 1891) was a district medical officer in Jastrebarsko, town medical officer and hospital director in Koprivnica, pioneer of Croatian neurology, ophthalmology, medical photography, application of hypnosis in medicine, and the author of the first manual of forensic medicine in Croatia. Among his articles dealing with neurology are those dealing with luetic gumma of the brain, tabes cervicodorsalis, Aran-Duchenne muscular atrophy, bulbar paralysis, etc.
INTRODUCTION: In the operating room, anaesthetist must provide unconsciousness, analgesia and muscular relaxation. In intensive therapy (IT), the rules are different and not every patient requires sedation, but almost every patient needs analgesia. The patient who is alert, calm and comfortable despite the presence of tubes and cannulas in the nose, mouth, radial artery, central vein, urethra, surgical wounds, pleural space etc. does not need any sedation. However, sedation and analgesia are clinically inseparable.
Modern hypnosis started with the Austrian physician Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815), who believed that the phenomenon known as mesmerism, or animal magnetism, or fluidum was related to an invisible substance--a fluid that runs within the subject or between the subject and the therapist, that is, the hypnotist, or the "magnetizer". The term hypnosis was introduced in the 1840s by a Scottish surgeon James Braid (1795-1860), who believed the subject to be in a particular state of sleep--a trance.
In the article a prayer against gout from the early 19th century is analysed, which reflects the surviving medieval theurgical view of healing. It also sheds light on a less known sphere of Croatian Glagolitic texts, i.e. on texts with medical content written in Glagolitic script in Croatian lands.
A case of an effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a 71-year-old woman following drowning in a cold water and cardiopulmonary arrest for at least 20 minutes is presented. Intubation, ventilation with 100% oxygen, external cardiac massage and administration of adrenaline, 1 mg intravenously, were implemented. Ventricular fibrillation, which occurred after adrenaline therapy, responded to electrical defibrillation with 200 J and converted into a sinus rhythm. Metabolic acidosis was corrected by intravenous sodium bicarbonate administration.