Japanese

Publication Title: 
[Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: While several studies on the preventive and therapeutic effects of prenatal yoga (maternity yoga) have been reported in recent years, there has been no systematic review on the effects of prenatal yoga based on randomized controlled trials (RCT). The purpose of this study, therefore, was to systematically review the literature to clarify the effects of prenatal yoga in RCT focusing on the contents of the intervention, the intervention means, and the frequency of practice. METHODS: The literature search was performed using the electronic database, PubMed.

Author(s): 
Kawanishi, Yasuyuki
Hanley, Sharon J. B.
Tabata, Kazuki
Nakagi, Yoshihiko
Ito, Toshihiro
Yoshioka, Eiji
Yoshida, Takahiko
Saijo, Yasuaki
Publication Title: 
Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. [Journal of Japanese History of Medicine]

The present paper focuses primarily on a philological and historical study of the Ar?apra?amanis?tra ("The Sütra of the tranquilization of hemorrhoids"). This S?tra is one of the Buddhist scriptures that are characterized by the magico-religious treatment of various diseases, especially by means of "healing spells" (skt. dh?ran? or mantra), as shown by the preliminary survey in our previous paper "The Tradition of healing with magical spells as seen in Buddhist texts", Journal of the Japan Society of Medical History 55/1 (2009), 77-96.

Author(s): 
Yamanaka, Yukio
Yamashita, Tsutomu
Akahane, Ritsu
Muroya, Yasutaka
Publication Title: 
Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. [Journal of Japanese History of Medicine]

The present paper focuses primarily on a philological and historical study of the Ar?apra?amanis?tra ("The S?tra of the Tranquilization of Hemorrhoids"). This S?tra is one of the Buddhist scriptures that is characterized by the magico-religious treatment of various diseases, especially by means of "healing spells" (skt. dh?ran? or mantra), as shown by the preliminary survey in our penultimate paper "The Tradition of Healing with Magical Spells as Seen in Buddhist Texts," Journal of the Japan Society of Medical History 55/1 (2009), 77-96.

Author(s): 
Yamanaka, Yukio
Yamashita, Tsutomu
Akahane, Ritsu
Muroya, Yasutaka
Publication Title: 
Yakushigaku Zasshi

"Mimi-bukuro" is a book written by Moriyasu Negishi in the Edo period. M. Negishi (1737-1815) was a magistrate in the town of Edo. He was very much interested in listening and recording many kinds of stories, which were told by the various kinds of people, such as public officers, samurais, merchants, doctors, etc. Among the stories of this book, some stories were found concerning folk medicine, medicinal substance and charms. In this report, I studied the medicines which were used in these stories. The medicines originated from zoological, botanical and mineral substances.

Author(s): 
Hamada, T.
Publication Title: 
Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine

Medicinal herbs, Geum japonicum, Syzygium aromaticum, Terminalia chebula, and Rhus javanica, with anti-herpes simplex virus therapeutic activity, inhibited replication of human cytomegalovirus(CMV) and murine CMV(MCMV) in vitro. These anti-CMV activities were examined in an MCMV infection model using immunosuppressed mice. Geum japonicum, Syzygium aromaticum, and Terminalia chebula significantly suppressed MCMV yields in lungs of treated mice compared with water treatment.

Author(s): 
Shiraki, K.
Yukawa, T.
Kurokawa, M.
Kageyama, S.
Publication Title: 
Yakushigaku Zasshi

In India, since ancient times Tri-phal? (meaning "three fruits" in Sanskrit) has been considered to be a combination of the following fruits: -Har?tak? (Terminalia chebula, Retz.), ?malaka (Embelica officinalis Gaertn), and Vibh?taka (Terminalia belerica Roxb.). These plants are also listed in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. Har?tak? and ?malaka have also been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times in Japan under the Japanese names of (see text) (Kariroku) and (see text) (Annmaroku), respectively.

Author(s): 
Natsume, Yohko
Publication Title: 
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics

The potential link between aging and insulin signaling has attracted substantial attention since several decades ago, on the basis of evidence including age-related increase in incidence of insulin resistance, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in accelerated aging syndromes and lifespan extension by caloric restriction in rodents. In addition, the intensive investigations in C.

Author(s): 
Kaneki, M.
Publication Title: 
Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy

When we discuss advances in longevity research during lectures and seminars, the question of the deciding factor for longevity often comes up. Even without looking at examples of research in molecular biology research, it is obvious to most that genetics play a major factor in longevity. The longest-lived human recorded was a French woman named Jeanne Calment, who died at age 122. All her family was long-lived. The quest for the identification of longevity genes by studying centenarian families has been explored for a decade, but no bona-fide longevity gene was identified.

Author(s): 
Shimizu, Takahiko
Shirasawa, Takuji
Publication Title: 
Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine

Exciting recent findings are remarkable extension of lifespan of model animals in which single genes are mutated. Studies on model animals have provided valuable as well as limited and often misleading information in understanding human aging and anti-aging practice. It is important to realize that extension of lifespan and retardation of aging processes are two different things in principle, the latter being apparently more important for improving QOL in human. Discussed here are selected topics on the limitation of model animal studies and potential problems of popular anti-oxidants.

Author(s): 
Goto, Sataro
Publication Title: 
Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine

Recent studies documented that most centenarians were survivors with multiple comorbidities. We examined morbidities and physical and cognitive function of 302 Japanese centenarians living in Tokyo, and assessed the association between morbidities and functional status. Most centenarians have chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, and stroke. Notably, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was very low compared with middle-aged Japanese adults. Stroke and fracture were significantly associated with poorer physical and cognitive function.

Author(s): 
Takayama, Michiyo
Hirose, Nobuyoshi

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