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Publication Title: 
Santé Mentale Au Québec

Interventions based on mindfulness have become increasingly popular. This article reviews the empirical literature on its effects on mental and physical health, discusses presumed mechanisms of action as well as its proposed neurobiological underpinning. Mindfulness is associated with increased well-being as well as reduced cognitive reactivity and behavioral avoidance. It seems to contribute to enhance immune functions, diminish inflammation, diminish the reactivity of the autonomic nervous system, increase telomerase activity, lead to higher levels of plasmatic melatonin and serotonin.

Author(s): 
Ngô, Thanh-Lan
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

The enzyme telomerase, through its influence on telomere length, is associated with health and mortality. Four pioneering randomized control trials, including a total of 190 participants, provided information on the effect of mindfulness meditation on telomerase. A meta-analytic effect size of d=0.46 indicated that mindfulness meditation leads to increased telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. These results suggest the need for further large-scale trials investigating optimal implementation of mindfulness meditation to facilitate telomerase functioning.

Author(s): 
Schutte, Nicola S.
Malouff, John M.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of brief daily yogic meditation on mental health, cognitive functioning, and immune cell telomerase activity in family dementia caregivers with mild depressive symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-nine family dementia caregivers (mean age 60.3 years old (SD = 10.2)) were randomized to practicing Kirtan Kriya or listening to relaxation music for 12 min per day for 8 weeks. The severity of depressive symptoms, mental and cognitive functioning were assessed at baseline and follow-up.

Author(s): 
Lavretsky, H.
Epel, E. S.
Siddarth, P.
Nazarian, N.
Cyr, N. St
Khalsa, D. S.
Lin, J.
Blackburn, E.
Irwin, M. R.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Telomerase activity is a predictor of long-term cellular viability, which decreases with chronic psychological distress (Epel et al., 2004). Buddhist traditions claim that meditation decreases psychological distress and promotes well-being (e.g., Dalai Lama and Cutler, 2009). Therefore, we investigated the effects of a 3-month meditation retreat on telomerase activity and two major contributors to the experience of stress: Perceived Control (associated with decreased stress) and Neuroticism (associated with increased subjective distress).

Author(s): 
Jacobs, Tonya L.
Epel, Elissa S.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Bridwell, David A.
Zanesco, Anthony P.
Aichele, Stephen R.
Sahdra, Baljinder K.
MacLean, Katherine A.
King, Brandon G.
Shaver, Phillip R.
Rosenberg, Erika L.
Ferrer, Emilio
Wallace, B. Alan
Saron, Clifford D.
Publication Title: 
Santé Mentale Au Québec

Interventions based on mindfulness have become increasingly popular. This article reviews the empirical literature on its effects on mental and physical health, discusses presumed mechanisms of action as well as its proposed neurobiological underpinning. Mindfulness is associated with increased well-being as well as reduced cognitive reactivity and behavioral avoidance. It seems to contribute to enhance immune functions, diminish inflammation, diminish the reactivity of the autonomic nervous system, increase telomerase activity, lead to higher levels of plasmatic melatonin and serotonin.

Author(s): 
Ngô, Thanh-Lan
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

The enzyme telomerase, through its influence on telomere length, is associated with health and mortality. Four pioneering randomized control trials, including a total of 190 participants, provided information on the effect of mindfulness meditation on telomerase. A meta-analytic effect size of d=0.46 indicated that mindfulness meditation leads to increased telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. These results suggest the need for further large-scale trials investigating optimal implementation of mindfulness meditation to facilitate telomerase functioning.

Author(s): 
Schutte, Nicola S.
Malouff, John M.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

The enzyme telomerase, through its influence on telomere length, is associated with health and mortality. Four pioneering randomized control trials, including a total of 190 participants, provided information on the effect of mindfulness meditation on telomerase. A meta-analytic effect size of d=0.46 indicated that mindfulness meditation leads to increased telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. These results suggest the need for further large-scale trials investigating optimal implementation of mindfulness meditation to facilitate telomerase functioning.

Author(s): 
Schutte, Nicola S.
Malouff, John M.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Telomerase activity is a predictor of long-term cellular viability, which decreases with chronic psychological distress (Epel et al., 2004). Buddhist traditions claim that meditation decreases psychological distress and promotes well-being (e.g., Dalai Lama and Cutler, 2009). Therefore, we investigated the effects of a 3-month meditation retreat on telomerase activity and two major contributors to the experience of stress: Perceived Control (associated with decreased stress) and Neuroticism (associated with increased subjective distress).

Author(s): 
Jacobs, Tonya L.
Epel, Elissa S.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Bridwell, David A.
Zanesco, Anthony P.
Aichele, Stephen R.
Sahdra, Baljinder K.
MacLean, Katherine A.
King, Brandon G.
Shaver, Phillip R.
Rosenberg, Erika L.
Ferrer, Emilio
Wallace, B. Alan
Saron, Clifford D.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of brief daily yogic meditation on mental health, cognitive functioning, and immune cell telomerase activity in family dementia caregivers with mild depressive symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-nine family dementia caregivers (mean age 60.3 years old (SD = 10.2)) were randomized to practicing Kirtan Kriya or listening to relaxation music for 12 min per day for 8 weeks. The severity of depressive symptoms, mental and cognitive functioning were assessed at baseline and follow-up.

Author(s): 
Lavretsky, H.
Epel, E. S.
Siddarth, P.
Nazarian, N.
Cyr, N. St
Khalsa, D. S.
Lin, J.
Blackburn, E.
Irwin, M. R.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Telomerase activity is a predictor of long-term cellular viability, which decreases with chronic psychological distress (Epel et al., 2004). Buddhist traditions claim that meditation decreases psychological distress and promotes well-being (e.g., Dalai Lama and Cutler, 2009). Therefore, we investigated the effects of a 3-month meditation retreat on telomerase activity and two major contributors to the experience of stress: Perceived Control (associated with decreased stress) and Neuroticism (associated with increased subjective distress).

Author(s): 
Jacobs, Tonya L.
Epel, Elissa S.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Bridwell, David A.
Zanesco, Anthony P.
Aichele, Stephen R.
Sahdra, Baljinder K.
MacLean, Katherine A.
King, Brandon G.
Shaver, Phillip R.
Rosenberg, Erika L.
Ferrer, Emilio
Wallace, B. Alan
Saron, Clifford D.

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