3' Untranslated Regions

Publication Title: 
Cell Cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

Caloric restriction has been shown to increase lifespan in several organisms and to delay onset of age-related diseases. The transcriptional response to caloric restriction has been studied for mRNAs, while the microRNA signature following caloric restriction remains unexplored. Here, we characterize the microRNA expression in mouse breast tissue before and after caloric restriction, reporting several changes in the microRNA expression profile.

Author(s): 
ÿrom, Ulf Andersson
Lim, Meng K.
Savage, Jason E.
Jin, Lianjin
Saleh, Anthony D.
Lisanti, Michael P.
Simone, Nicole L.
Publication Title: 
Molecular and Cellular Biology

The AU-rich elements (AREs) encoded within many mRNA 3' untranslated regions (3'UTRs) are targets for factors that control transcript longevity and translational efficiency. Hsp70, best known as a protein chaperone with well-defined peptide-refolding properties, is known to interact with ARE-like RNA substrates in vitro. Here, we show that cofactor-free preparations of Hsp70 form direct, high-affinity complexes with ARE substrates based on specific recognition of U-rich sequences by both the ATP- and peptide-binding domains.

Author(s): 
Kishor, Aparna
Tandukar, Bishal
Ly, Yann V.
Toth, Eric A.
Suarez, Yvelisse
Brewer, Gary
Wilson, Gerald M.
Publication Title: 
Nature Communications

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a critical regulator of many physiological functions, ranging from longevity to immunity. However, little is known about the role of IGF-1 in natural killer cell development and function. Here, we identify an essential role for IGF-1 in the positive regulation of human natural killer cell development and cytotoxicity. Specifically, we show that human natural killer cells have the ability to produce IGF-1 and that differential endogenous IGF-1 expression leads to disparate cytotoxicity in human primary natural killer cells.

Author(s): 
Ni, Fang
Sun, Rui
Fu, Binqing
Wang, Fuyan
Guo, Chuang
Tian, Zhigang
Wei, Haiming
Publication Title: 
Cell Cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

Caloric restriction has been shown to increase lifespan in several organisms and to delay onset of age-related diseases. The transcriptional response to caloric restriction has been studied for mRNAs, while the microRNA signature following caloric restriction remains unexplored. Here, we characterize the microRNA expression in mouse breast tissue before and after caloric restriction, reporting several changes in the microRNA expression profile.

Author(s): 
ÿrom, Ulf Andersson
Lim, Meng K.
Savage, Jason E.
Jin, Lianjin
Saleh, Anthony D.
Lisanti, Michael P.
Simone, Nicole L.
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Artemisinins induce drug metabolism through the activation of the pregnane X receptor (PXR) in vitro. Here, we report the resequencing and genotyping of PXR variants in 75 Vietnamese individuals previously characterized for CYP3A enzyme activity after artemisinin exposure. We identified a total of 31 PXR variants, including 5 novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and we identified significantly different allele frequencies relative to other ethnic groups.

Author(s): 
Piedade, Rita
Schaeffeler, Elke
Winter, Stefan
Asimus, Sara
Schwab, Matthias
Ashton, Michael
Burk, Oliver
Gil, José P.
Publication Title: 
Molecular Biology of the Cell

Maintenance of intestinal mucosal epithelial integrity requires polyamines that modulate the expression of various genes involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis. Recently, polyamines were shown to regulate the subcellular localization of the RNA-binding protein HuR, which stabilizes its target transcripts such as nucleophosmin and p53 mRNAs. The activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) mRNA encodes a member of the ATF/CRE-binding protein family of transcription factors and was computationally predicted to be a target of HuR.

Author(s): 
Xiao, Lan
Rao, Jaladanki N.
Zou, Tongtong
Liu, Lan
Marasa, Bernard S.
Chen, Jie
Turner, Douglas J.
Zhou, Huiping
Gorospe, Myriam
Wang, Jian-Ying
Publication Title: 
Journal of Lipid Research

The 3'untranslated region (UTR) of human LDL receptor (LDLR) mRNA contains three AU-rich elements (AREs) responsible for rapid mRNA turnover and mediates the stabilization induced by berberine (BBR). However, the identities of the specific RNA binding proteins involved in the regulation of LDLR mRNA stability at the steady state level or upon BBR treatment are unknown.

Author(s): 
Li, Hai
Chen, Wei
Zhou, Yue
Abidi, Parveen
Sharpe, Orr
Robinson, William H.
Kraemer, Fredric B.
Liu, Jingwen
Publication Title: 
Gastroenterology

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic de-differentiation, liver development, and malignant transformation are processes in which the levels of hepatic S-adenosylmethionine are tightly regulated by 2 genes: methionine adenosyltransferase 1A (MAT1A) and methionine adenosyltransferase 2A (MAT2A). MAT1A is expressed in the adult liver, whereas MAT2A expression primarily is extrahepatic and is associated strongly with liver proliferation. The mechanisms that regulate these expression patterns are not completely understood.

Author(s): 
Vázquez-Chantada, Mercedes
Fernández-Ramos, David
Embade, Nieves
Martínez-López, Nuria
Varela-Rey, Marta
Woodhoo, Ashwin
Luka, Zigmund
Wagner, Conrad
Anglim, Paul P.
Finnell, Richard H.
Caballeria, Juan
Laird-Offringa, Ite A.
Gorospe, Myriam
Lu, Shelly C.
Mato, José M.
Martínez-Chantar, M. Luz
Publication Title: 
Arthritis and Rheumatism

OBJECTIVE: Aberrant posttranscriptional regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by microRNA has emerged as an important factor in human diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether the expression of MMP-13 in human osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes is regulated by microRNA. METHODS: Chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in vitro. Total RNA was prepared using TRIzol reagent. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based arrays were used to determine the expression profile of 352 human microRNA.

Author(s): 
Akhtar, Nahid
Rasheed, Zafar
Ramamurthy, Sangeetha
Anbazhagan, Arivarasu N.
Voss, Frank R.
Haqqi, Tariq M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience

MicroRNA has emerged as a critical regulator of neuronal functions. This study aimed to test whether let-7 microRNAs can regulate the mu opioid receptor (MOR) and opioid tolerance. Employing bioinformatics, we identified a let-7 binding site in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of MOR mRNA, which was experimentally confirmed as a direct target of let-7. The repressive regulation of MOR by let-7 was revealed using a LNA-let-7 inhibitor to knockdown let-7 in SH-SY5Y cells.

Author(s): 
He, Ying
Yang, Cheng
Kirkmire, Chelsea M.
Wang, Zaijie Jim

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