Actigraphy

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Parkinson's disease is a severe neurodegenerative disorder with a prevalence rate of approximately 1.6% in elderly Americans. This case study reports on a 51-year-old male Parkinson's patient who received 3 weekly sessions of a hypnosis intervention, as well as instruction in self-hypnosis. Actigraphy was used to assess rest-tremor severity. Results revealed a 94% reduction in rest tremors following treatment. Self-reported levels of anxiety, depression, sleep quality, pain, stiffness, libido, and quality of life also showed improvements.

Author(s): 
Elkins, Gary
Sliwinski, Jim
Bowers, Juliette
Encarnacion, Elmyra
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Nursing Studies

BACKGROUND: Severely ill patients often experience problems with sleep. Either acupressure or valerian aromatherapy are reported as helpful in promoting sleep. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of valerian acupressure on the sleep of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: A 42-bed adult intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one subjects in the experimental group and 44 subjects in the control group.

Author(s): 
Chen, Ji-Han
Chao, Yuh-Huey
Lu, Shu-Fen
Shiung, Tao-Fen
Chao, Yann-Fen
Publication Title: 
Arthritis Care & Research

OBJECTIVE: While depressive symptoms and knee pain are independently known to impede daily walking in older adults, it is unknown whether positive affect promotes daily walking. This study investigated this association among adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and examined whether knee pain modified this association. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional analysis of the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study. We included 1,018 participants (mean ± SD age 63.1 ± 7.8 years, 60% women) who had radiographic knee OA and had worn a StepWatch monitor to record their number of steps per day.

Author(s): 
White, Daniel K.
Keysor, Julie J.
Neogi, Tuhina
Felson, David T.
LaValley, Michael
Gross, K. Doug
Niu, Jingbo
Nevitt, Michael
Lewis, Cora E.
Torner, Jim
Fredman, Lisa
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

CONTEXT: Sleep disturbance is a significant problem in oncology patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine how actigraphy and self-report ratings of sleep disturbance changed over the course of and after radiation therapy (RT); investigate whether specific patient, disease, and symptom characteristics predicted the initial levels and/or the characteristics of the trajectories of sleep disturbance; and compare predictors of subjective and objective sleep disturbance.

Author(s): 
Dhruva, Anand
Paul, Steven M.
Cooper, Bruce A.
Lee, Kathryn
West, Claudia
Aouizerat, Bradley E.
Dunn, Laura B.
Swift, Patrick S.
Wara, William
Miaskowski, Christine
Publication Title: 
Sleep

STUDY OBJECTIVES: In the United States alone, approximately 22 million people take beta-blockers chronically. These medications suppress endogenous nighttime melatonin secretion, which may explain a reported side effect of insomnia. Therefore, we tested whether nightly melatonin supplementation improves sleep in hypertensive patients treated with beta-blockers. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group design. SETTING: Clinical and Translational Research Center at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston.

Author(s): 
Scheer, Frank A. J. L.
Morris, Christopher J.
Garcia, Joanna I.
Smales, Carolina
Kelly, Erin E.
Marks, Jenny
Malhotra, Atul
Shea, Steven A.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Neurology

OBJECTIVE: Circadian rhythms influence the timing of behavior, neurological diseases, and even death. Rare mutations in homologs of evolutionarily conserved clock genes are found in select pedigrees with extreme sleep timing, and there is suggestive evidence that certain common polymorphisms may be associated with self-reported day/night preference. However, no common polymorphism has been associated with the timing of directly observed human behavioral rhythms or other physiological markers of circadian timing at the population level.

Author(s): 
Lim, Andrew S. P.
Chang, Anne-Marie
Shulman, Joshua M.
Raj, Towfique
Chibnik, Lori B.
Cain, Sean W.
Rothamel, Katherine
Benoist, Christophe
Myers, Amanda J.
Czeisler, Charles A.
Buchman, Aron S.
Bennett, David A.
Duffy, Jeanne F.
Saper, Clifford B.
De Jager, Philip L.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Parkinson's disease is a severe neurodegenerative disorder with a prevalence rate of approximately 1.6% in elderly Americans. This case study reports on a 51-year-old male Parkinson's patient who received 3 weekly sessions of a hypnosis intervention, as well as instruction in self-hypnosis. Actigraphy was used to assess rest-tremor severity. Results revealed a 94% reduction in rest tremors following treatment. Self-reported levels of anxiety, depression, sleep quality, pain, stiffness, libido, and quality of life also showed improvements.

Author(s): 
Elkins, Gary
Sliwinski, Jim
Bowers, Juliette
Encarnacion, Elmyra
Publication Title: 
Journal of clinical sleep medicine: JCSM: official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The objective of this secondary analysis was to evaluate concurrent validity of actigraphy and polysomnography (PSG) in older women with insomnia. METHODS: Concurrent validity of actigraphy and PSG was examined through (1) comparison of sleep outcomes from each recording method; (2) calculation of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and predictive values from epoch-by-epoch data; and (3) statistical and graphical exploration of the relationship between sleep disturbance severity and concordance of actigraphy and PSG.

Author(s): 
Taibi, Diana M.
Landis, Carol A.
Vitiello, Michael V.
Publication Title: 
Sleep Medicine

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of a gentle yoga intervention for sleep disturbance in older women with osteoarthritis (OA) and to collect initial efficacy data on the intervention. METHODS: All participants completed an 8-week yoga program that included 75-min weekly classes and 20 min of nightly home practice. Participants were women with OA and symptoms consistent with insomnia. Symptom questionnaires and 1 week of wrist actigraphy and sleep diaries were completed for 1 week pre- and post-intervention.

Author(s): 
Taibi, Diana M.
Vitiello, Michael V.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of a dietary supplement containing polyunsaturated fatty acids, in association with Humulus lupulus extract, on the quality of sleep using the Leeds sleep evaluation questionnaire (LSEQ) in subjects with moderate to severe sleep disorders. METHODS: Randomized placebo-controlled trial, in a Population-based setting. Participants were adult patients 25 to 65 years old with a chronic primary insomnia who volunteered for the study.

Author(s): 
Cornu, Catherine
Remontet, Laurent
Noel-Baron, Florence
Nicolas, Alain
Feugier-Favier, Nathalie
Roy, Pascal
Claustrat, Bruno
Saadatian-Elahi, Mitra
Kassaï, Behrouz

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