adolescence

Publication Title: 
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review

This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the efficacy of adolescent cognitive-behavioral sleep interventions. Searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE were performed from inception to May 1, 2016, supplemented with manual screening. Nine trials were selected (n = 357, mean age = 14.97 years; female = 61.74%). Main outcomes were subjective (sleep diary/questionnaire) and objective (actigraphy) total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), sleep efficiency (SE), and wake after sleep onset (WASO).

Author(s): 
Blake, Matthew J.
Sheeber, Lisa B.
Youssef, George J.
Raniti, Monika B.
Allen, Nicholas B.
Publication Title: 
Genes, Brain, and Behavior

Substance use often starts in adolescence and poses a major problem for society and individual health. The dopamine system plays a role in substance use, and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an important enzyme that degrades dopamine. The Val(108/158) Met polymorphism modulates COMT activity and thus dopamine levels, and has been linked to substance use. COMT gene methylation, on the other hand, may affect expression and thus indirectly COMT activity. We investigated whether methylation of the COMT gene was associated with adolescents' substance use.

Author(s): 
van der Knaap, L. J.
Schaefer, J. M.
Franken, I. H. A.
Verhulst, F. C.
van Oort, F. V. A.
Riese, H.
Publication Title: 
Behavioural Brain Research

Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation are part of an emerging story on how early-life experiences can alter behavioral trajectories and lead to the development of disease and psychological disorders. Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated alterations in methylation of DNA associated with the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (bdnf) gene within the amygdala and hippocampus of infant and adult rats that were repeatedly exposed to caregiver maltreatment outside the home cage during their first week of life.

Author(s): 
Doherty, Tiffany S.
Forster, Amy
Roth, Tania L.
Publication Title: 
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which genetic and environmental influences affect variation in adolescent optimism. Optimism (3 items and 6 items approach) and pessimism were assessed by the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) in 5,187 adolescent twins and 999 of their non-twin siblings from the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR). Males reported significantly higher optimism scores than females, while females score higher on pessimism.

Author(s): 
Mavio?lu, Rezan Nehir
Boomsma, Dorret I.
Bartels, Meike
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

OBJECTIVE: Research has linked adolescent romantic and sexual activities to depressive symptoms. The current study examines whether such activities are uniquely linked to depressive symptoms versus symptoms of other disorders (including anxiety, externalizing, and eating disorders), and whether co-occurring symptoms more precisely account for the association between depressive symptoms and romantic involvement. METHOD: Early adolescent girls (N = 83; mean age = 13.45) participated in baseline and 1-year follow up data collection.

Author(s): 
Starr, Lisa R.
Davila, Joanne
Stroud, Catherine B.
Clara Li, Po Ching
Yoneda, Athena
Hershenberg, Rachel
Ramsay Miller, Melissa
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Social Behavior

Integrating insights from cultural sociology and identity theory, I explore the mental health consequences of adolescent romantic relationship inauthenticity--incongruence between thoughts/feelings and actions within romantic contexts.

Author(s): 
Soller, Brian
Publication Title: 
Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Although previous research has linked sibling relationship experiences to youth's social competencies with peers, we know little about the role of siblings in youth's romantic relationship experiences. Drawing on data from a longitudinal sample of 190 families, this study examined the links between sibling experiences and the development of perceived romantic competence from early adolescence into young adulthood (ages 12-20). The data were collected from 373 youth (50.7†% female) in home interviews on up to five annual occasions.

Author(s): 
Doughty, Susan E.
Lam, Chun Bun
Stanik, Christine E.
McHale, Susan M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

Rejection sensitivity - the tendency to expect, perceive, and overreact to rejection by others - is linked with individuals' expectations that their romantic partners' behaviors have negative intent, even if, perhaps, such behaviors could be considered neutral when observed by another. The aim of the present study was to test this proposition, derived from rejection sensitivity theory, using a Video-Recall Procedure with adolescent couples in the US (N†=†386 adolescents, 50% girls).

Author(s): 
Norona, Jerika C.
Salvatore, Joseph F.
Welsh, Deborah P.
Darling, Nancy
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Social Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: The formation of romantic relationships and friendships in adolescence is a defining milestone in the progression toward social maturity. Thus, examining adolescents' friendship and romantic experiences serves a vital role in understanding their psychological adjustment.

Author(s): 
Chow, Chong Man
Ruhl, Holly
Buhrmester, Duane
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

Although Mexican Americans are the largest ethnic minority group in the nation, knowledge is limited regarding this population's adolescent romantic relationships. This study explored whether 12th grade Mexican Americans' (N†=†218; 54% female) romantic relationship characteristics, cultural values, and gender created unique latent classes and if so, whether they were linked to adjustment. Latent class analyses suggested three profiles including, relatively speaking, higher, satisfactory, and lower quality romantic relationships.

Author(s): 
Moosmann, Danyel A. V.
Roosa, Mark W.

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