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Publication Title: 
Journal of Hypertension

OBJECTIVES: We meta-analyzed the effect of meditation on blood pressure (BP), including both transcendental meditation and non-transcendental meditation interventions. METHODS: We identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the BP responses to meditation interventions through a systematic literature search of the PubMed, ABI/INFORM, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases (from January 1980 to October 2015). We meta-analyzed the change in SBP and DBP, stratified by type of meditation (transcendental meditation vs.

Author(s): 
Shi, Lu
Zhang, Donglan
Wang, Liang
Zhuang, Junyang
Cook, Rebecca
Chen, Liwei
Publication Title: 
Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology

PURPOSE: Determining the appropriate rate of radiotherapy (RT) utilization is important for health care planning and resource allocation. The difference between the observed and the appropriate RT rate is influenced by the choice of a criterion based benchmarking (CBB) or evidence-based estimates (EBEST) measure.

Author(s): 
Shack, Lorraine
Lu, Shuang
Weeks, Lee-Anne
Craighead, Peter
Kerba, Marc
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: To introduce research that presents scientific evidence regarding the effects of mantra and mindfulness meditation techniques and yoga on decreasing blood pressure (BP) in patients who have hypertension.

Author(s): 
Park, Seong-Hi
Han, Kuem Sun
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an overview of the research on the effects of yoga on positive mental health (PMH) among non-clinical adult populations. METHODS: This was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, including a risk of bias assessment. The electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, IndMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1975 to 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions on PMH among a healthy adult population were selected. RESULTS: A total of 17 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Hendriks, Tom
de Jong, Joop
Cramer, Holger
Publication Title: 
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether it is safe to cut the temporary epicardial pacing wires (TEPWs) flush with the patient's skin surface prior to discharge. Altogether 105 relevant papers were identified of which 13 case reports represented the best evidence to answer the question. The author, journal, date, country of publication, complications, the culprit TEPW and relevant outcomes are tabulated. All case reports demonstrated a wide spectrum of complications.

Author(s): 
Shaikhrezai, Kasra
Khorsandi, Maziar
Patronis, Marios
Prasad, Sai
Publication Title: 
Lancet (London, England)

The first International Consultation on Incontinence was held under the auspices of WHO in 1998. The multidisciplinary consultation covered anatomy, physiology, pathology, and the investigation and management of incontinent individuals. Because incontinence is a prevalent global disease, the consultation was mindful of the need to make its recommendations applicable in all health-care systems.

Publication Title: 
Behavior Therapy

Previous evidence for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been derived principally from randomized controlled trials. As such, evidence about the treatment of OCD has unilaterally flowed from researchers to clinicians. Despite often having decades of experience treating OCD, clinicians' feedback on their clinical observations in using these treatments has not been solicited.

Author(s): 
Jacobson, Nicholas C.
Newman, Michelle G.
Goldfried, Marvin R.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

Systematic reviews of psychosocial assessment and effectiveness of psychotherapy for chronic pain syndromes in older patients are rare. However, it is of particular importance to consider the psychosocial aspects of elderly people with chronic pain. This narrative review describes recommended German-language assessments of the psychosocial dimensions of pain and summarizes existing studies of psychological therapy approaches for chronic pain in old age.

Author(s): 
Mattenklodt, P.
Leonhardt, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Yoga has become increasingly popular in the US and around the world, yet because most yoga research is conducted as clinical trials or experiments, little is known about the characteristics and correlates of people who independently choose to practice yoga. We conducted a systematic review of this issue, identifying 55 studies and categorizing correlates of yoga practice into sociodemographics, psychosocial characteristics, and mental and physical well-being.

Author(s): 
Park, Crystal L.
Braun, Tosca
Siegel, Tamar
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial intervention has been suggested as a potentially effective supplement to medical treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but no reviews so far have quantified the existing research in terms of both psychological and physical health outcomes. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials evaluating the effects of psychosocial interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in COPD. METHODS: Two independent raters screened 1,491 references for eligibility.

Author(s): 
Farver-Vestergaard, Ingeborg
Jacobsen, Dorte
Zachariae, Robert

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