Agriculture

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Human Biology: The Official Journal of the Human Biology Council

Researchers have shown interest in the relation between (a) social capital and individual income and (b) the individual health of people of industrial nations. The socioeconomic complexity of industrial nations makes it difficult to arrive at firm conclusions. We circumvent the obstacle by using data from a small-scale rural society of foragers-farmers in the Bolivian Amazon (Tsimane'). We examine the interactions between the outcome (BMI) and relative income, relative social capital, village income, and village social capital.

Author(s): 
Brabec, Marek
Godoy, Ricardo
Reyes-GarcÌa, Victoria
Leonard, William R.
Publication Title: 
In'gu Pog?n Nonjip = Journal of Population and Health Studies
Author(s): 
Cho, A. J.
Kong, S. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cultural Diversity

Praying for issues related to health can be a very important aspect in peoples' lives. Since research on this practice is limited, a qualitative study was conducted that explored the use of prayer in Hispanic migrant farmworkers diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Eighteen farmworkers were interviewed and asked two specific questions with multiple probes to elicit information regarding their religious practices and prayer. Responses regarding religious practices were extremely limited whereas the farmworkers expounded on the question relating to prayer.

Author(s): 
Bergland, Jane Elizabeth
Heuer, Loretta
Lausch, Cheryl
Publication Title: 
Histoire Des Sciences Médicales

Count Henri de Bonneval, was born in Bordeaux in 1806, in the line of descent of one of the most ancient French families of noble rank. He was assistant manager of the Strasbourg stud farm in 1830, when Louis-Philippe, an Orleanist, ascended to the throne of the Bourbon Charles X. As several other legitimists, Count Henri refused to take an oath to the new king and prefered to resign his position.

Author(s): 
Neuzil, Eugène
Cousse, Henri
Publication Title: 
Appetite

This study addresses which specific values play a role in predicting participants' attitudes toward genetically modified food (GMF) and organically grown food (OGF). The first central question is whether the attitudes towards GMF and OGF are influenced by specific values and beliefs. The second central question is whether the attitudes towards GMF and OGF are related to each other, and whether the specific values underlying these two attitudes are also related to each other.

Author(s): 
Dreezens, Ellen
Martijn, Carolien
Tenbült, Petra
Kok, Gerjo
De Vries, Nanne K.
Publication Title: 
Appetite

This survey showed that the values power (dominance over nature and resources) and universalism (respect for people and for nature) are related to attitudes toward genetically modified food (GMF) and organically grown food (OGF). Furthermore, these values have an influence on the centrality, commitment and ambivalence of these attitudes. Values that are positively related to an attitude influence how central this attitude is to a person. However, values that are negatively related to an attitude have a larger effect on the commitment of this attitude.

Author(s): 
Dreezens, Ellen
Martijn, Carolien
Tenbült, Petra
Kok, Gerjo
De Vries, Nanne K.
Publication Title: 
Public Understanding of Science (Bristol, England)

This paper analyses a corpus of articles on GM crops and food which appeared in six UK newspapers in the first three months of 2004, the year following the GM Nation? debate (2003). Using the methods of critical discourse analysis we focus on how specific and pervasive representations of the major stakeholders in the national debate on GM--the British public, the British government, the science of GM, and biotechnology companies--served significant rhetorical functions in the controversy.

Author(s): 
Augoustinos, Martha
Crabb, Shona
Shepherd, Richard
Publication Title: 
Journal of Animal Science

Escalating replacement rates and production costs warrant attention on sow productive life (SPL). Increasing average SPL by one-tenth of 1 parity would result in an annual revenue increase of over $15 million in the United States. Research in model organisms has revealed conserved genes and gene pathways that lead to longer lifespan. The most prominent gene pathways are those involved in growth, most notably genes in the IGF pathway that serve to mimic the response of caloric restriction.

Author(s): 
Mote, B. E.
Koehler, K. J.
Mabry, J. W.
Stalder, K. J.
Rothschild, M. F.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Epidemiology

Farm machinery is an important contributor to the high rates of occupational injury in agriculture. As part of a population-based case-control study, we studied risk factors for machine-related farm injuries. Case patients were farm residents residing in a geographically defined area of central Wisconsin who experienced a farm injury associated with a tractor, farm implement, or other machine which required medical or chiropractic care from May 1990 through April 1992. Controls were selected from an ad hoc census of farm residents in the same area.

Author(s): 
Layde, P. M.
Nordstrom, D. L.
Stueland, D.
Brand, L.
Olson, K. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B

Seeds of a Chinese traditional medicine plant, Cochinchina momordica were used in the present study for the improvement of influenza vaccine (H5N1) in chicken. Crude extraction from Cochinchina momordica seed (ECMS) was obtained by ethanol extraction method. In experiment No. 1, two weeks old chickens were immunized with influenza vaccine (H5N1) alone or combined with ECMS (5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 microg/dose). Serum IgG antibody levels (by ELISA) as well as effects on daily weight gain were measured on 0, 7, 14 and 28th day after immunization.

Author(s): 
Rajput, Zahid Iqbal
Xiao, Chen-wen
Hu, Song-hua
Arijo, Abdullah G.
Soomro, Noor Mohammad

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