Alaska

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Circumpolar Health

BACKGROUND: Subsistence norms are part of the "ecosophy" or ecological philosophy of Alaska Native Peoples in the sub-Arctic, such as the Inupiat of Seward Peninsula. This kind of animistic pragmatism is a special source of practical wisdom that spans over thousands of years and which has been instrumental in the IÒupiat's struggle to survive and thrive in harsh and evolving environments.

Author(s): 
Anthony, Raymond
Publication Title: 
Alaska Medicine

Addiction treatment tailored to specific cultural, ethnic and racial groups has been recognized as optimally effective. Alaska rural and Native cultures have healing elements that serve well in addiction treatment. However, it is not sufficient to "add on" a culturally orientated group to an already well defined program. In order for these cultural elements to be fully effective the basic philosophy and orientation of that modality of the treatment program needs to be based on them. Such program development needs to be implemented in a clear, coordinated and consistent manner.

Author(s): 
Sullivan, A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of General Psychology

The authors surveyed women from 2 communities: Anchorage, Alaska (N =51), an urban area, and Haines, Alaska (N=41), an isolated rural community. Participants from Haines scored lower on measures of self-objectification, internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, participation in beauty enhancement behaviors, and perceived normative beauty enhancement behaviors. Women from Haines also engaged in more empowering exercise (i.e., yoga and outdoor exercise).

Author(s): 
Shepler, Desire
Lupfer-Johnson, Gwen
Chaudoir, Stephenie
Boeckmann, Robert
Publication Title: 
The Hastings Center Report
Author(s): 
Nolan, K.
Publication Title: 
Arctic Anthropology

For about 15 years, Carol Jolles has been traveling to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska to study the role faith plays in the lives of Sivuqaq (Gambell) residents. From the outset, she was aware of the strong presence of two Christian faith traditions in the community. She was present when people “spoke in tongues” (entered a spiritual state, sometimes identified as an altered state of consciousness), and she was aware that people relied on prayer, often uttered in a spiritually inspired context, to ease the pain of daily life and to find the strength to do difficult tasks.

Author(s): 
Jolles, Carol Zane
Publication Title: 
Arctic Anthropology

For about 15 years, Carol Jolles has been traveling to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska to study the role faith plays in the lives of Sivuqaq (Gambell) residents. From the outset, she was aware of the strong presence of two Christian faith traditions in the community. She was present when people “spoke in tongues” (entered a spiritual state, sometimes identified as an altered state of consciousness), and she was aware that people relied on prayer, often uttered in a spiritually inspired context, to ease the pain of daily life and to find the strength to do difficult tasks.

Author(s): 
Jolles, Carol Zane
Publication Title: 
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental

Adiponectin, a protein secreted by adipose tissue, has antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, and insulin-sensitizing actions. We examined the relationship between plasma adiponectin and adiposity, insulin resistance, plasma lipids, glucose, leptin, and anthropometric measurements in 316 adult men and 353 adult women Yup'ik Eskimos in Southwest Alaska.

Author(s): 
Goropashnaya, Anna V.
Herron, Johanna
Sexton, Mary
Havel, Peter J.
Stanhope, Kimber L.
Plaetke, Rosemarie
Mohatt, Gerald V.
Boyer, Bert B.
Publication Title: 
The Gerontologist

PURPOSE: Although it is widely recognized that caregivers of individuals with dementia experience elevated stress that places them at increased risk for health problems, little is known about how caregiving stress may be alleviated among underserved ethnic minority populations. The purpose of this study was to compare a complementary and alternative medicine therapy, polarity therapy (PT), to an enhanced respite control condition (ERC) to reduce stress and depression and improve quality of life for American Indian (AI) and Alaskan Native family caregivers.

Author(s): 
Korn, Leslie
Logsdon, Rebecca G.
Polissar, Nayak L.
Gomez-Beloz, Alfredo
Waters, Tiffany
Rÿser, Rudolph
Publication Title: 
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Wild berries are integral dietary components for Alaska Native people and a rich source of polyphenolic metabolites that can ameliorate metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. In this study, five species of wild Alaskan berries (Vaccinium ovalifolium , Vaccinium uliginosum , Rubus chamaemorus , Rubus spectabilis , and Empetrum nigrum) were screened for bioactivity through a community-participatory research method involving three geographically distinct tribal communities.

Author(s): 
Kellogg, Joshua
Wang, Jinzhi
Flint, Courtney
Ribnicky, David
Kuhn, Peter
De Mejia, Elvira González
Raskin, Ilya
Lila, Mary Ann
Publication Title: 
Journal of Addictive Diseases

Limited information is known with regard to substance abuse treatment outcomes among AI/ANs. Data retrieved from the Treatment System Impact (TSI) project and Methamphetamine Treatment Project (MTP) were used to compare treatment measures between a sample of AI/ANs and a matched comparison group. Our results revealed no significant differences between AI/ANs and the matched comparison group in treatment outcomes at 12-months post-treatment based on legal, employment, medical, and psychiatric measures. AI/ANs also received more family-related services (29.9% vs.

Author(s): 
Dickerson, Daniel L.
Spear, Suzanne
Marinelli-Casey, Patricia
Rawson, Richard
Li, Libo
Hser, Yih-Ing

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